The social situation of the people of Angola has been
near catastrophic in recent decades as a result of the
1975–2002 civil war and the country's economic crisis with
the accompanying commodity shortage. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of AGO and acronym for Angola. Many people fled the
war, the population of the city more than tripled and the
entire urban infrastructure - water, sewerage, electricity,
etc. - is at best dimensioned for the 1970s level. This has
led to a very rapid decay for the cities. The refugee stream
increased the pressure in the countryside. Because of the
war, one fifth of the children in Angola were separated from
their families. About 2/3 of the population lives in poverty
and half do not have access to clean water.
After the end of the war, an amnesty for soldiers from
the guerrilla movement UNITA was adopted. After a few years,
the entire UNITA force had been demobilized; a small part of
them have joined the army or the police. However, the
approximately 7,000 child soldiers were not allowed to take
part in the program.
Landmines are still a major problem in Angola, especially
in urban areas, and many people are still being harmed and
killed by landmines. Mining fields also limit the
possibilities of breaking new agricultural land. Angola has
the world's largest number of amputees (at least 70,000) and
about 10 percent of all amputees are children.
Health care remains substandard, even in comparison with
neighboring countries. There are eight hospital beds (2005)
and one doctor (2004) per 10,000 residents. Qualified
personnel are available at only about half of the births.
Infant mortality rates are among the highest in the world; a
child of ten dies during their first year of life and half
of the children under five are estimated to be malnourished.
By contrast, Angola, in comparison with neighboring
countries, is relatively spared from the HIV/AIDS
epidemic, which can be explained by the fact that the
country was isolated during the war years. In 2009, 2
percent of the population aged 15-49 were estimated to be
Important reforms were implemented in 1987 through new
family legislation and a strategy for gender equality was
adopted in 2001. The law ensures, among other things. man
and woman equality and equal rights in marriage. This has
led to women becoming more educated. A major problem is the
widespread corruption. According to Transparency
International's corruption index (2010), Angola was one of
the world's most corrupt countries. Real income for civil
servants has fallen sharply and receiving bribes has become
a survival strategy.