In Asia, three languages are found, which are also
spoken in other parts of the Euro-Afro-Asian major
continent: Indo-European, Semitic and Oral languages. Many
attempts have been made and are still being made to prove an
overall kinship between these three lineages, but although
some limited common vocabulary may be plausible, it is still
an uncertain hypothesis.
In addition, escalutic languages (Eskimo and Aleutian),
represented by some Eskimodialects in northern Siberia.
The Indo-European languages are Armenian in
Armenia and neighboring Turkey; Iranian languages in Iran,
Afghanistan and in enclaves north of Tajikistan. This
language set also includes Indian languages in Pakistan
and Northern India, with the exception of the
Tibetan-Burmese language. The Indian languages include
Hindi/Urdu, Bengali, Panjabi and Marathi.
The Semitic languages, Arabic, Aramaic and
Hebrew, are spoken in Arabia and in the countries between
the Mediterranean and Iran.
The oral languages in Asia are Samoan,
Eastjackish and some other languages in NV-Siberia.
In addition to the above there are a number of languages
that are closely related to or exclusively spoken in the
continent: Altaic languages, Chinese (or sinitiske
language), Tibeto-Burmese language, taisprog, Austronesian
languages (formerly malajo-Polynesian language),
austroasiatiske languages (formerly Mon-Khmer) and finally
Dravidian languages. In addition, there are some languages
that do not seem to belong in these groups, says
Altaic languages are an experimental set of
languages that are far from being accepted by all
linguists. It contains Tongan languages in Eastern Siberia
with enclaves of Mandurian in Northern China, Turkish
languages in Asia Minor, Central Asia and northern Siberia,
as well as Mongolian languages in Mongolia and Chinese
Mongolia. It is thought that Korean belongs to the Altaic
genus, and this genus is wanted by some linguists extended
Chinese consists of a number of so-called
dialects, which are also called Sinitic languages. The main
Sinitic language is Mandarin (with Putonghua or modern
Standard Chinese) spoken by 65% of China's population. It
is thus the world's most widely spoken language.
Tibetan-Burmese languages are spoken in Tibet,
in Myanmar (Burma), in neighboring areas and in pockets in
Western China. The Karan languages in Myanmar and Miao-yao
(hmong-man) in Guizhou and in the Indochinese peninsula are
similar in structure to Tibetan-Burmese languages. However,
some linguists attribute miao-yao to austro-tai.
The Thai languages are spoken on the
Indochinese peninsula and in southern China. The main Thai
languages outside China are Siamese or Thai in Thailand,
Lao or Laotian in Laos and Northeast Thailand, as well as
Shan and Khamti in Myanmar. An intermediate position between
the Tai and the Austronesian languages occupies the Kadais
languages compiled by the American Paul Benedict in 1942. It
is li or hlai in Hainan and three languages in the
China-Vietnam border area.
Austronesian languages are found in an extensive
area. They are spoken in South Asia and Taiwan and also in
Madagascar and throughout the Pacific. In Malaysia and
Indonesia, respectively, Bahasa Malaysia and Bahasa
Indonesia, which are basically the same language and are
collectively referred to as Malay. Similarities with
Austronesian showcase the languages jakun, sakai and
semang in western Malaysia.
Austroasiatiske language on the Southeast Asian
mainland consists of language families Mon-Khmer, Nicobar
language and munda. Mon-Khmer is the language mon or tala in
Myanmar, Khmer or Cambodian in Cambodia and in southern
Vietnam as well as Vietnamese. In addition, a large number
of mountain languages, of which only kammu in northern Laos
and neighboring areas have many speakers. The Mundan
languages are spoken in large pockets in the central
Indian provinces south of the Ganges between the Ganges
Delta and the river Narmada. cantaloupe and mundar.
Dravidian languages are spoken throughout
South India as well as in enclaves north of Pakistan and in
Sri Lanka. These languages include: Tamil, Telugu and
Some languages that cannot be genetically positioned are
the almost extinct ainu in northern Japan and Sakhalin,
Guillian in Sakhalin and Amur, Luoravetlian languages in the
extreme northeastern corner, and Jakagir in a small pocket
west of Luoravetlian and Ket (Jenisej Cheyenne) by Jenisej.
A genetically isolated language is burushaski in Hunza.
Asia - Health conditions
The large differences between the disease patterns in
Asia's individual countries reflect the very large
differences between the countries' economic development and
In East Asia, Japan has reached the highest life
expectancy in the world, and at the same time, strong
economic growth in China and South Korea has led to a
gradually improving state of health. These countries have
also achieved better control over population growth.
South Asia's populous states of India, Pakistan and
Bangladesh have high child mortality and low life
expectancy. Sri Lanka has achieved a somewhat similar
development stage with reduced child mortality and higher
West Asia's oil-rich states have had large financial
resources available, such as has been used to expand the
social infrastructure. Despite this, in many of the
countries it has not significantly improved the health of
the rural population and the guest workers.
The Central Asian region of Asian Russia and the southern
republics is marked by the disintegration of the Soviet
Union, which has led to economic problems and a decline in
the quality of infrastructure. In this way, the risk of
flare-ups among others. waterborne illnesses, diphtheria and
In South and South Asia, many countries have poor water
supplies, resulting in high mortality rates due to diarrheal
diseases, especially in children. In these areas there is
widespread malnutrition and malnutrition. In many countries
malaria, leprosy and tuberculosis continue to occur. So far,
the incidence of patients with AIDS is low.