In Belgium, a series of social laws were already
established after the First World War, but it was mainly
after the Second World War that Belgium became a pioneer in
social security. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of BEL and acronym for Belgium. To the extensive social insurance system,
which is financed by the state at 25%, the rest is levied in
the form of contributions from employers (about 2/3) and
workers (about 1/3).
The state reimburses costs for certain categories, e.g.
widows, pensioners and the disabled. With around 30%, the
state contributes to health and pension insurance, but in
the case of unemployment benefits, the state accounts for
more than 70% of the cost.
However, the state has major problems in meeting its
commitments. Payments are increasing, and despite increased
fees for both employers and employees, the state will not
meet the expenses unless radical measures are taken.
Government spending cuts in the 1990s have greatly affected
the social sector. The costs of pensions and healthcare will
to a greater extent be covered by individual insurance.
Belgium continued to live high in arms sales to
dictatorial states. In 2014 and 15, the country with the
most weapons exported to Wallonia was the kleptocratic
dictatorship of Saudi Arabia, which was also at war with
In the aftermath of the attacks, the government carried
out one suspension of basic human rights after another. In
February 2016, the government launched the "Plan Canal"
concept to curb "radicalization" in several suburbs of
Brussels. Not by providing work and education for vulnerable
youth, but by increasing police patrol and by increasing
administrative control over Muslim associations. In April,
the federal government decided to create a central database
that could be shared by the various relevant government
agencies. The database was to record "suspicious" travel
activity. In July, a similar database of " hate preachers "
was established». In December, police powers were extended
to surveillance. Despite the fact that in May the government
had promised the UN Human Rights Council that human rights
would be respected despite ever-tighter terrorist
legislation, the trend was clearly the opposite.