Since 1966, Botswana has enjoyed strong economic growth.
Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of BWA and acronym for Botswana. The development is largely the result of diamond mining
combined with a stable political development with regular
and general elections. The government's development policy
has been focused on expanding health care and education and
diversifying the economy to break the unilateral dependence
on diamond income.
In 2009, 17 percent of public spending was spent on
health care. However, about a quarter of Botswani still live
below the poverty line and the country is among those most
affected by HIV/AIDS; 25 percent of the population aged
15-49 are estimated to be infected (2009).
In other areas, Botswana is more successful. Infant
mortality is lower in Botswana than in most African
countries; just under 5 percent of children die during their
first year of life. Qualified help is available at almost
all deliveries. In a country with a general water shortage,
almost all (95 percent) have access to clean water. Most of
the population lives a maximum of 15 km from a health
station and there are 18 hospital beds (2008) and three
doctors (2006) per 10,000 residents.
Botswana - Gaborone
Gaborone, before 1969 Gaberones, the capital of Botswana, located in
the south-eastern part of the country, near the border with South Africa;
274,400 residents (2019). It was not until the 1960s that the small Gaborone
railway station was expanded to the capital of Botswana. Previously, Botswana
was administered from Mafeking in South Africa.
It became the seat of government in 1965, a year before the country's
independence. The administration then moved from Mafeking in South Africa.
Gaborone has an international airport. The city is the seat of the University of
Botswana (founded in 1971).