Burkina Faso is one of the world's poorest countries.
Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of BFA and acronym for Burkina Faso. Nearly half of the population lives on less than a dollar a
day. The hospitals are congested and poorly equipped. In
2006, there were 700 doctors in the country, or one per
20,000 residents. In the same year, 72% of the population
had access to clean water and 13% to sanitary facilities. 17
percent of women use some form of contraceptive, but the
figures vary widely between urban and rural populations.
The most common diseases are related to malnutrition and
lack of sanitary conditions. In the years 2000–06,
approximately 37 percent of all children under the age of 5
were estimated to have been malnourished. Other problem
diseases are mainly sleep sickness, malaria and seasickness.
7 percent of public spending goes to health care.
Comprehensive campaigns have been conducted to limit the
spread of AIDS (about 2 percent of the population was
infected in 2005) and to stop female genital mutilation,
which was prohibited by law in 1996. Between 1996 and 2006,
the proportion of sexually abused girls dropped from
three-quarters to less than half.
Burkina Faso has invested a great deal in improving the
conditions of the rural population. by redistributing
resources from city to country. Nevertheless, the urban
population continues to increase rapidly (1990–2006 by 4.9
per cent per year). Since 1960 there has been an old-age
pension and since 1967 an insurance system.