In the early 1990s, maternal mortality was 700 per
100,000 offspring and in 2005 980 per 100,000. The last
year, approximately 250,000 people were living with AIDS. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of CAF and acronym for Central African Republic.
In 2004, there were 8 physicians per 100,000 residents in
health care. The corresponding figure for nurses and
midwives was 38 per 100,000 residents. Only half of the
Central African Republic's residents have access to basic
health care. The government uses about 4 percent of GDP for
the health sector. 66 percent of the population has access
to clean water, 31 percent to satisfactory wastewater. The
government has continued to pursue the trade union movement.
The largest trade union central organization is the Union
Syndicale des Travailleurs Centrafricains (USTC), which
organizes, among other things, public employees. The civil
servants have striked several times in protest against being
discriminated against by union members and wages being paid
Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic; 734,300 residents
(2012); The population has grown sharply since the country's independence in
1958, mainly due to immigration in connection with the drought in the 1970's. The
city was founded in 1899 by the French colony administration on the river
Oubangui, which for many years was the city's only transport connection to the
sea. Bangui is clearly divided into a modern center with associated affluent
suburbs and spontaneously arising slums without water and electricity. Most of
the residents live in the slum, and here are the largest markets. The city has
few jobs in industry and administration; the majority of the residents feed in
the so-called informal sector of trade and small jobs; many are unemployed. The
city's need for timber and firewood has led to predatory operations on the
resources of the surrounding rainforest and savanna.
The coup attempt and subsequent fighting resulted in mass escape from Bangui
in 2001. The March 2013 coup and the subsequent fighting between various
militias led to violent clashes in the city.