In addition to the compulsory insurance, there is
voluntary health insurance. In 2013, healthcare accounted
for 7.1 percent of the country's GDP. Through the
rehabilitation of injured in the civil war, these
percentages have increased significantly. There are 2
doctors and 6 hospital beds in 1,000 residents. The infant
mortality rate is 4 per thousand. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of HRV and acronym for Croatia.
Yugoslavia was divided internally at the beginning of World
War II and was relatively easily occupied by the Germans in
1941. The German troops installed a puppet government in
Croatia consisting of Slavonia, areas of Dalmatia and Bosnia
and Herzegovina, and launched racist campaigns. Serbs, Jews,
Gypsies and opposition Croats were executed in concentration
camps or forced to flee. During the communist-led resistance
struggle against the Nazi occupation, local committees were
set up in the liberated areas. After the resistance
movement's take on Zagreb in May 1945, Croatia's Antifascist
National Liberation Council formed the government. At the
end of the year, Croatia entered as one of the republics of
The Yugoslav Federal People's Republic.
Under Yugoslav socialism, Croatia maintained and
developed its national independence, which to some extent
was detrimental to the national minorities. In a purge
campaign in the Croatian Communist League in 1972, Matica
Hrvatska, an organization tasked with disseminating
knowledge of Croatian culture, was abolished.
In the late 1980's, the political system was liberalized.
The Communist Federation of Yugoslavia relinquished the
monopoly of power and political leadership prescribed by the
Constitution, and in April the first elections were held
with the participation of several parties since World War
Croatia's parliamentary elections ended with a victory
for the center-right party, the Croatian Democracy Union,
HDZ, which was in favor of turning Yugoslavia into a federal
republic of independent states. The head of HDZ, retired
General Franjo Tudjman, was elected President of the
Republic. In December, Parliament passed a new constitution
recognizing the right to withdraw from the federation.
Croatia declared its independence in June 1991, while the
Serbs of Krajina expressed their desire for a detachment
from Croatia; Slovenia also proclaimed its independence.
The Yugoslav Federal Army, whose chiefs were mainly
Serbs, intervened in Croatia and Slovenia, declaring that
the detachments were a threat to the Yugoslav unity. War
broke out with great losses on both sides.
In November, the Tudjman government arrested the leaders
of the right-wing extremist Croatian Law Party, the PCD, and
dissolved its militias, following charges of conspiracy
against the authorities. At its founding in December 1991,
the PCD had taken the name of an old nationalist party whose
leader had been the head of government in the puppet
government during the Nazi occupation.