Eritrea's economy has been ravaged after decades of war
in the country. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of ERI and acronym for Eritrea. A large part of the population is dependent
on food aid, while the government limits the flow of aid. In
2006, 14 percent of children were underweight at birth,
compared with 44 percent in the early 1990s. Infant
mortality has dropped from 88 per cent in 1990 to 46 per
cent in 2017 and maternal mortality from 1,400 to 450 per
100,000 births. The government uses just over 3.7 percent of
GDP for health care (2005). In 2004, there were
approximately 4.5 doctors per 100,000 residents. In 2006, 60
percent of the population had access to clean water and 5
percent to satisfactory wastewater.
A major problem after the war against Ethiopia in
1998–2000 has been the demobilization of the approximately
250,000 soldiers. In 2005, there were still 200,000 soldiers
in the army. The war devastated large parts of agriculture
and industry, causing many to lose their livelihoods.
Unemployment is high, while there is a shortage of trained
staff. The activities of the unions are very limited.
Military, police and government officials are not allowed to
organize. The only national organization, the National
Confederation of Eritrean Workers (NCEW), is closely linked
to the state-carrying party PFDJ.