The formerly strong population growth brought strong
social and political tensions, and after the two coups in
1987, many well-educated Indians, including many doctors,
left the country - Fiji. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of FJI and acronym for Fiji. However, the health situation is quite
good. The social protection network gives the entire
population the right to retirement and widow's pensions as
well as medical care and dental care at nominal fees. There
are 21 hospital beds (2009) and four doctors (2010) per
10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are available at
almost all births. Of public expenditure, 9 percent was
spent on health care in 2011.
The proportion of poor people in the country has
decreased, but still about a quarter of the population is
living under $ 2 a day. In principle, however, all Fijians
have access to clean water. A large proportion of the
population suffers from obesity and elevated blood sugar,
diabetes is common and cardiovascular disease is by far the
most common cause of death.
Girls start both primary and secondary school to a
somewhat greater extent than boys. Prohibition of
homosexuality was lifted by the government in 2010.
Suva, the capital of Fiji, archipelago of the western Pacific; approximately 77,400
residents (1996). Located on the southeast coast of the main island of Viti
Levu, Suva is the cultural, economic and political center of much of the region;
Among other things, has several Pacific cooperative organizations at home here,
and the University of the South Pacific is a joint education and research center
for a wide range of small countries and territories; it attracts students from
all corners of Oceania. Suva has high-rise buildings, lively traffic,
restaurants and nightlife and is clearly the most cosmopolitan city in the
region; it also contains a significant part of Fiji's light industry.