Guinea-Bissau is one of the world's poorest countries,
and the health of its residents is among the worst in the
world. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of GNB and acronym for Guinea-Bissau. Access to healthcare is limited; there are ten
hospital beds (2009) and fewer than one doctor (2008) per
10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are available at only
four out of ten deliveries. Of the total government
expenditure in 2009, 4 per cent went to health care.
Tuberculosis, measles and malaria are among the most common
causes of death. HIV/AIDS also harvests many victims;
approximately 2.5 percent of the population aged 15-49 are
estimated to be infected (2009). Every tenth child dies
during their first year of life.
About 3/4 of the population lives in poverty (under US $
2 per day). Every other resident has no access to clean
water, which leads to the spread of disease. During the
1990s, two cholera epidemics broke out, with tens of
thousands of infected and hundreds of deaths as a result.
Legislation prohibits gender equality, but women's status
varies between the different ethnic groups. In 2011, genital
mutilation (female circumcision) was prohibited by law, a
practice that is very common in some ethnic groups.
Almost as many girls as boys start primary school, but
significantly more boys read on in secondary school. Only 10
per cent of the country's MPs are women.
Guinea Bissau - Bissau
Bissau, capital of Guinea-Bissau, West Africa; 419,000 residents (2012).
Bissau, located at the outlet of the Geba River, is a port city with the
country's only modern port. From Bissau, for example, rice, copra and palm oil.
The city has universities, research institutes and international airport.
Bissau was founded by the Portuguese in 1687 as the center of the slave trade
and replaced Bolama as the capital of Portuguese Guinea in 1941.