State pension from the age of 65 has been around since
the 1940s. There are also general health, life, disability,
unemployment and maternity insurance.
Although some successes have been achieved through
investments in drinking water, vaccination and the fight
against malaria, measles, influenza and malaria are still
common. At the beginning of the 1990s, there were 29
hospitals and 149 health centers and 1 doctor per 2,600
residents. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of GUY and acronym for Guyana.
Social tensions are high and unemployment is constantly
high. Real wages have been declining in recent decades and
crime has risen. The government has tried to equalize the
income inequalities, which has led many well-off and
educated to leave the country.
Georgetown, capital of Guyana, South America; approximately 235,000 residents (2011).
The town lies on the right bank of the River Demera and has an ethnically
composed population. Like most of Guiana's coastal area, the city lies beneath
the sea level and is protected by dikes. Many houses are built on poles to catch
the sea breeze in the tropical-humid climate. The 44 m high St. George's
Cathedral from 1889 is among the world's largest wooden buildings.
Georgetown holds over a quarter of the nation's population in addition to
state administration and much of the economic activity. The city is home to the
Caribbean cooperative CARICOM. Like other major cities in that part of the
world, the city is experiencing increasing problems with traffic accidents and
Founded by British settlers in 1781, Georgetown gained the status of capital
in 1831 when Guyana was created. In the intervening years the area was
alternately British, French and Dutch.