From the 1990s until the international financial crisis
in 2008, Ireland experienced high economic growth.
Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of IRL and acronym for Ireland. Subsequently, the economic downturn has meant that many
Irish people have deteriorated economy and that the state
has been forced to make cuts in the social security system.
After a period of low unemployment, the country again
experienced a high unemployment rate: 2008-12 more than
doubled it. In 2014, unemployment was 11.3 percent, which is
slightly lower than 2012.
High unemployment during much of the 20th century led
many young people to leave the country. This trend was
broken during the years with good economic growth, but has
returned after 2008. Unlike before, however, it is now the
most highly educated who move abroad. One result of
emigration is that almost half of those born in Ireland now
live and live in another country.
Employees in Ireland are connected to a compulsory social
security system from age 16 to retirement at 66. The
insurance covers national pension, widow's pension,
unemployment insurance, health insurance, maternity pension,
invalidity pension and early retirement pension. Since 1988,
own companies have also been obliged to join this system.
The trade union movement is fragmented but also
characterized by a relatively high degree of connection.
The state's expenditure on health care amounts to almost
9 percent of GDP (the corresponding figure in Sweden is just
over 9 percent). In case of illness, the insured has three
waiting days before receiving sickness benefit. Low-paid and
people 70 years of age or older are eligible for free health
care at state hospitals and free drugs. Others pay hospital
fees and drug costs. Half of the population have private
health insurance in order to pay for their health care, and
they usually also use private hospitals.
The family and the church have a very strong position in
Ireland, and the Constitution states that the family is the
basic unit of society. Divorce was only allowed in 1996.
In 2016, a UN report drew harsh criticism of Ireland's
ban on abortions, which it believed were discriminatory and
cruel. The legislation only allowed abortion when the
woman's life was in danger and not when the fetus suffered
severe injuries or when the pregnancy occurred due to rape
or incest. In addition, 14 years in prison were risked if
you did an abortion. According to the country's health
ministry, since 1983, 170,000 women have been forced to
travel abroad to carry out abortions. The issue of abortion
is controversial in the country, not least because of the
strong position and moral authority of the Catholic Church.
In 2018, a referendum was held to modernize the country's
restrictive abortion legislation. Jasidan won the election
with just over 66 percent of the vote against the no-side's
just under 34 percent.