The civil war in the early 2000s destroyed much of the
Ivory Coast's healthcare system. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of IC and acronym for Ivory Coast. The northern part of the
country was particularly hard hit. Only half of the
population has access to basic health care. With African
dimensions, the Ivory Coast is a rich country, but at the
same time it is characterized by large class divisions and
regional differences. Unemployment is high, after the civil
war 40-50%. Nearly half of the population lives on less than
$ 2 a day. Especially in the northern parts of the country
and in the slums in the major cities of Yamoussoukro and
Abidjan, there is widespread malnutrition.
In 2005, 4% of GDP was spent on health care. 750,000
people were then estimated to be living with AIDS - one of
the highest numbers in West Africa. In 2004, there were one
doctor and six nurses per 10,000 residents. In 2006, 17% of
children were born underweight, and 127 ‰ died before the
age of five. 81% of the population had access to clean water
and 24% to satisfactory wastewater.
Child labor is common, especially in agriculture and
industry, even though children under 14 are not allowed to
work. Only a small part of the population is unionized.
Previously, there was only one authorized union organization
in the Ivory Coast, the Union Générale des Travailleurs
de Côte d'Ivoire (UGTCI). In connection with the
introduction of multi-party systems, several other trade
unions arose, often linked to the parties. Although
discrimination against union members is prohibited by law,
it often occurs in practice.