Madagascar is a very poor country. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of MDG and acronym for Madagascar. In 2005, 90 percent of
the population was estimated to live in poverty (below $ 2 a
day). Since the coup-partition regime change in 2009, the
economy and thus living conditions have deteriorated
dramatically. Nearly every twenty children die during their
first year of life and half the children in the country are
malnourished. In rural areas, 70 percent of the population
does not have access to clean water (2008); the
corresponding figure in the cities is 30 percent.
At the end of the 1970s, the government set the goal that
all the country's residents should have access to health
care in 2000. This goal is still far from being achieved.
All public health care in Madagascar is basically free of
charge, but there are only two doctors (2007) and three
hospital beds (2005) per 10,000 residents. Qualified
personnel are available at just under half of the births.
Due to poor infrastructure in some parts of the country, the
situation is even worse there. In 2009, however, 15 per cent
of public expenditure went to health care. Madagascar is
largely spared from HIV/AIDS; less than 1 per cent of the
population aged 15–49 are estimated to be infected (2009).
However, malaria is a major problem.