In terms of GDP per capita, Mali is one of the world's
poorest countries. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of MLI and acronym for Mali. About 3/4 of the population lives in
poverty (under US $ 2 per day). Only half of the population
has access to clean water.
The social welfare system in Mali is not very well
developed and includes only people with formal employment.
For others, social issues are expected to be handled within
the family or large family circle. In 2009, 9% of total
government expenditure was allocated to health care. Access
to care is very poor; there are six hospital beds and fewer
than one doctor per 10,000 residents (2008). Qualified
personnel are available for half of the deliveries. Most
deaths are caused by diseases such as pneumonia, influenza
and diarrhea. Malaria and tuberculosis are also common. In
2009, 1% of the population aged 15-49 were estimated to be
affected by HIV/AIDS.
Women's rights are severely limited. In 2009, a law was
passed by Parliament that would mean greater gender
equality, but after strong protests from Muslim groups,
President Touré chose not to sign the proposal.
A new bill was approved in 2012. The law states, among
other things. that the woman must obey the man, who is the
head of the family. Polygamy is common, as is violence
against women. Genital mutilation (female circumcision) is
not prohibited and the vast majority of Malian women have
been subjected to the procedure. The proportion of girls who
attend school is less than the proportion of boys. This is
especially true of the secondary school, but also the
primary school. Only about 1/3 of the women are
professionals. Of the country's MPs, 10% are women.