Unemployment in Mauritania was estimated to be about 30% of the labor
force at the end of the 1990s. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of MRT and acronym for Mauritania. Almost half the population
lives in poverty (under US $ 2 per day). Barely every other Mauretanese has access to clean water.
During normal years, nutritional intake is satisfactory,
but the recurring years of drought cause nutritional
deficiencies and increased spread of disease. Common causes
of death are respiratory diseases, diarrhea and malaria.
About 1% of the population aged 15-49 are estimated to be
affected by HIV/AIDS (2009). Access to health care is
poor; there are four hospital beds (2006) and one doctor
(2009) per 10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are
available at 60% of deliveries. In 2009, 5% of government
spending was spent on health care.
Although women are still discriminated against in
different ways, the trend seems to be towards greater
equality. The man is considered the head of the family and
polygamy is common in some of the country's ethnic groups.
However, the woman has the right to request a divorce and is
usually given custody of the children. Despite poverty in
the country, obesity among women is a problem linked to
beauty ideals. Even though the mill has declined following
repeated campaigns by the government, a large proportion of
the country's girls are still forced to feed. The government
is also trying to fight the still-common tradition of
genital mutilation (female circumcision). Education is
available to girls as much as to boys. Of the country's MPs,
22% are women.