The people of Mauritius have a standard of living that is
among the highest in Africa. For example, the entire
population has access to clean water. However, malnutrition
among children is not uncommon. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of MUS and acronym for Mauritius. Most deaths are caused by
cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The prevalence of HIV/
AIDS has increased during the 1990s; approximately 1 percent
of the population aged 15-49 is estimated to be infected
(2009). About one child in 100 dies during their first year
Mauritius has a relatively well-developed social
insurance and health care system. Social insurance covers,
inter alia, unemployment benefit, a need-tested contribution
to families with more than three children under the age of
15 and, since 1978, a national pension insurance system.
Healthcare is free and access is among the best in Africa;
there are 33 hospital beds (2008) and eleven doctors (2004)
per 10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are available for
all deliveries. Of the total government expenditure in 2009,
8 percent went to the health sector.
Discrimination against women is prohibited by law, as is
violence against women in the home. Despite the latter,
almost half of all women are estimated to have been
subjected to abuse.
The proportion of girls is as high as the proportion of
boys in both primary and secondary schools. However, women
are underrepresented in both business and politics; only
about half of women are professionals and 20 percent of the
country's MPs are women.