In line with the restructuring of the economy, payments
for unemployment benefits, as well as other social
contributions, have increased. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of MDA and acronym for Moldova. At the same time, the
retirement age for men has been increased to 62 years and
for women to 57 years. However, the social budget is
constantly threatened by low tax revenues, among other
things. because one third of the country's GDP comes from
Moldavians who work abroad and do not pay taxes in Moldova.
Moldova is the country in Europe that has both the lowest
incomes and the highest proportion of rural residents, close
to 60 percent. Rural municipalities' poor economy has led to
schools being closed and difficulties in recruiting
teachers. More than one in ten teachers in the country have
passed the retirement age. Although the number of college
students is increasing, it is a social problem that not all
rural children attend compulsory school. Compulsory health
insurance has been introduced. While child mortality is
declining, the country has struggled throughout the 2000s
with an internationally high number of new cases of
Since Romania joined the EU in 2007, up to 800,000 Moldovans
have applied for Romanian citizenship. All Moldavians with
at least one grandparent who in 1940 had Romanian
citizenship can apply for Romanian citizenship.
At the parliamentary elections on April 5, 2009, the
Communist Party got 49.48% of the vote. It was thus by far
the largest party in the country, but still had 1 seat too
little in parliament to elect the president. Already the
next day the opposition went on the streets, declaring that
the election had been marked by scams and that the election
was to go on. The following day, the number of protesters
had risen to 15,000, now attacking the parliament and the
presidential palace, where windows were broken and fires
burned. The protests were organized through the social
network, Twitter and were therefore called the "Twitter
Revolution". The OSCE characterized the election as
predominantly free and fair.
The protesters included a number of pro-Romanians who
replaced the Moldovan flag in the presidency and parliament
with the Romanian and EU flags. This subsequently led to a
conflict with Romania, which Moldova accused of being behind
the unrest. The opposition, in turn, accused the security
forces of being behind the unrest. They ended up costing 2-3
people their lives, hundreds more wounded and about 800
arrested. Many could subsequently report degrading treatment
by the police.
On April 10, the president announced that the votes would
be counted. However, the recount gave the same result.
Nevertheless, the situation was so unstable that a new
parliamentary election was already held in July. The
Communist Party went back to 44.69%. It was still the
largest party in the country, but it got only 48 seats in
parliament against the opposition's 53. However, the
opposition was also able to agree on a new president, and
the parliamentary situation was therefore uncertain. On
September 11, therefore, President Voronin decided to
resign. In accordance with the Constitution, Liberal
President Mihai Ghimpu was appointed acting president for a
new president can be elected. The uncertain political
situation in the country has so far prevented this.
With the appointment of Ghimpu as president,
anti-communism was greatly strengthened in the country. He
exercised his constitutional powers and appointed Liberal
Vladimir Filat as acting prime minister.
In January 2010, Ghimpu set up a commission to study «the
Communist dictatorship in Moldova». In June he instituted
"the day of the Soviet occupation" and the same day he
inaugurated the "Monument to the Victims of the Soviet
In March 2010, the Constitutional Court declared a new
parliament to be re-elected to resolve the constitutional
crisis of 2009. However, both the president and parliament
ignored the court.
Journalist Ernest Vardanyan was arrested in April 2010 by
armed men outside his house in Tiraspol, Transdniestria. He
was taken into custody, charged with high treason in the
form of espionage. On May 11, the most important TV station
in Transdniestria broadcast an interview with the Minister
of State Security, Vladimir Antyufeyev. In the interview,
the minister accused Vardanyan of espionage, and then a clip
was shown with the journalist who allegedly confirmed the
minister's indictment and "regretted his terrible mistake".
Amnesty International objected to the authorities, finding
that the confession was likely to be triggered by pressure
and in any case would have no weight in a lawsuit.