There are a number of social security benefits paid by
workers and employers, but they cover only a small part of
the population. Alongside these are temporary food and
employment programs for the unemployed. Employment and
unemployment are extensive, with around two million
Moroccans working in Europe (mainly in France). At the same
time, child labor is common.
The Moroccan woman has formally the same rights as men
except within the family. In recent years, however,
legislative changes have strengthened the position of women,
even though traditional norms remain, especially in rural
areas. Almost as many girls as boys start school. Of
Parliament's members, 10% are women.
The differences in living standards between the city and
the countryside are large, and malnutrition is a major
problem in the countryside and among the urban poor. Living
conditions in the Moroccan countryside are considered
comparable to those prevailing in Africa's poorest
sub-Saharan countries. In 2007, 14% of the population lived
in poverty (below US $ 2/day). Only 60% of rural people
have access to clean water. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of MAR and acronym for Morocco.
Health care is inadequate, especially in rural areas.
Health care has deteriorated in recent years. In the past,
care was free, but today the state hospitals charge. In
2009, 7% of government spending went to health care. There
are eleven hospital beds and six doctors per 10,000
residents (2009). Qualified personnel are available for just
under 2/3 of deliveries.