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Social conditions

All citizens have free health care, even abroad if required. Social insurance covers old-age pension, sickness and unemployment insurance, child allowance and maternity allowance. Nauru has made a lot of money on phosphate exports and is economically a prosperous country. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of NRU and acronym for Nauru.

Society of Nauru

In 1989, 1/3 of the adult population in Nauru was reported to have diabetes, a higher proportion than in any other country. Alcoholism, cardiovascular disease, obesity and other lifestyle-related diseases are also common. Almost all food and even drinking water must be imported. There are plans to restore the large areas destroyed by the phosphate quarrying and to re-establish the lost flora and fauna. In this way, the domestic production of fruits and vegetables could increase and contribute to improved diet. The shrinking phosphate income of recent years has led to a reduction in health care funding.

People and society

About 58 percent of the population is ethnic Nauru. Other Pacific people make up 26 percent. In addition, Chinese and Europeans come with 8 percent each.

60.4 percent are Protestants while 35.7 percent are Roman Catholics (2011). Others profess, among other things, to traditional Chinese religions.

Naurus is considered the world's most obese people. 97 percent of men and 93 percent of women are overweight. As a result, Nauru has the world's highest incidence of type 2 diabetes; more than 40 percent of the population is affected. Kidney and heart disease can also be largely related to obesity.

Life expectancy at birth is 69.8 years for women and 62.3 years for men (2014).

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