All citizens have free health care, even abroad if
required. Social insurance covers old-age pension, sickness
and unemployment insurance, child allowance and maternity
allowance. Nauru has made a lot of money on phosphate
exports and is economically a prosperous country. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of NRU and acronym for Nauru.
In 1989, 1/3 of the adult population in Nauru was
reported to have diabetes, a higher proportion than in any
other country. Alcoholism, cardiovascular disease, obesity
and other lifestyle-related diseases are also common. Almost
all food and even drinking water must be imported. There are
plans to restore the large areas destroyed by the phosphate
quarrying and to re-establish the lost flora and fauna. In
this way, the domestic production of fruits and vegetables
could increase and contribute to improved diet. The
shrinking phosphate income of recent years has led to a
reduction in health care funding.
People and society
About 58 percent of the population is ethnic Nauru. Other
Pacific people make up 26 percent. In addition, Chinese and
Europeans come with 8 percent each.
60.4 percent are Protestants while 35.7 percent are Roman
Catholics (2011). Others profess, among other things, to
traditional Chinese religions.
Naurus is considered the world's most obese people. 97
percent of men and 93 percent of women are overweight. As a
result, Nauru has the world's highest incidence of type 2
diabetes; more than 40 percent of the population is
affected. Kidney and heart disease can also be largely
related to obesity.
Life expectancy at birth is 69.8 years for women and 62.3
years for men (2014).