At the beginning of the 1980s, Nigeria was one of
Africa's richest countries and counted as the world's
middle-income countries. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of NG and acronym for Nigeria. Since then, the country has
stagnated in the international prosperity league, and today
Nigeria is among the 40 countries in the world with the
lowest per capita GDP. The proportion of poor people
increased significantly during the 1990s.
The social and regional differences in prosperity are
significant. Oil revenues have meant that a small number of
more or less corrupt Nigerians in or in connection with the
state apparatus have become very rich. However, the majority
of the population lives in very poor conditions in rural
areas, where housing shortages, malnutrition and diseases
pose permanent problems.
Nearly 90% of Nigerians live in poverty (below $ 2 a day)
and only four in ten in rural areas have access to clean
water. Nearly one in ten children die during their first
year of life and 40% of children are malnourished.
Public safety systems are rudimentary and public health
care is insufficiently developed, especially in rural areas.
There are four doctors (2008) and five hospital beds (2005)
per 10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are available for
less than half of the births. In 2009, 6% of public
expenditure went to health care.
The most common tropical infectious and parasitic
diseases include malaria, insomnia, river blindness, leprosy
and meningitis. Attempts to eradicate polio in the region
through vaccination campaigns have so far failed. About 4%
of the population aged 15-49 is estimated to be affected by
Displacement of the population by clearing neighborhoods
is also a huge problem. During 2012, 10-20,000 people were
displaced from their homes in Port Harcourt, Lagos and
Abuja. Threats to, arrest and harassment of journalists are
Boko Haram increased its activities in the north during
2012. In April, the movement on Easter Sunday set off a car
bomb near two churches in Kaduna. At least 20 were killed.
Later in the month, the movement bombed the newspaper This
Day in Abuja and a building in Kaduna that housed 3
newspapers. At least 7 people were killed. A few days later,
it broadcast threats to 11 national and international news
media. In June, the movement bombed 3 churches in Kaduna. At
least 21 were killed. The subsequent violence between
Christians and Muslims cost an additional 70 lives. The
military fought hard against Boko Haram with disappearances
of suspected members, executions of suspected members, the
burning down of houses of supposed sympathizers or members
and detention of hundreds of people for long periods.
Conditions criticized by Amnesty International.
In January 2013, the government allocated DKK 4 million.
US $ to clean up after a lead poisoning disaster in Zamfara
state. After the gold price on the world market in 2012 hit
US $ 1800 per share. ounces of local - despite bans - began
extracting gold. The ore in the area was very lead and this
lead escaped and contaminated water and soil. 400 children
died and another 1,500 children had so high lead values in
the body that it would cause brain damage and other problems
Goodluck Jonathan's plans to run for re-election in the
2015 presidential election and passing by office led in
August 2013 to a split in the ruling party PDP. Former Vice
President Atiku Abubakar and 7 state governors formed a
faction in the party, and the president responded again by
firing the Secretary of State, Minister of Education and
Planning. Jonathan's plans posed serious danger of
destroying the religious balance of the country, alternately
being a Muslim and a Christian being presiding.
In January 2014, the government introduced a law against
homosexuals that banned gay relationships, club membership,
relationships and marriage. The penalty frame for marriage
was set at 14 years and for other matters it was 10 years.
In short order, federal police had collected the names of
168 LGBT couples who would be arrested and placed on trial.
The ideas of US Christian fundamentalists had reached
In September 2014, the South African customs authorities
confiscated 9.3 million euros. US $ that 2 Nigerians and 1
Israelis had tried to smuggle into the country. The Nigerian
government subsequently admitted that the money should be
used for arms purchases in South Africa, but had no
explanation for the secret circumstances in which the money
had not been declared at the export of Nigeria or the import
into South Africa. Goodluck Jonathan asked the South African
authorities and Jacob Zuma directly to return the amount to
the Nigerian government, which happened the following month.
The plane carrying the money to South Africa was a private
jet belonging to the Christian Association of Nigeria.
In the northern part of the country, Boko Haram
intensified its offensive and the security situation became
increasingly out of control. In May 2013, the president
declared the northern states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa in
state of emergency, and although he had initially spoken of
amnesty to Boko Haram members, in June he changed his stance
and required at least 20 years in prison for membership of
the organization. However, the state of emergency did not
slow down the rebels. In December, they attacked two
military deployments and an air base. In January 2014,
therefore, Goodluck fired the entire military leadership so
as not to bring the insurgency under control.