Until the takeover of power by Sultan Qabus ibn Said in
1970, Oman was perhaps the world's most isolated and
backward country, even wearing glasses was forbidden.
Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of OMN and acronym for Oman. Slavery was commonplace and all modernization was rejected.
Since then, major efforts have been made to develop Oman,
especially in housing, education, health care and
communications as well as a comprehensive social insurance
system. In 2011, government spending on health care amounted
to 2.3 per cent of GDP. Oman has free healthcare and some 50
hospitals with approximately 4,700 beds (2012). Medical care
is free. Between 1965 and 1990, infant mortality dropped
dramatically. During the same period, life expectancy
increased by almost 30 years.
The woman's position in Oman is freer than in the more
orthodox neighboring countries of Saudi Arabia and Iran.
However, she is still subordinate to the man.
Muscat, Oman's capital, port city at the entrance to the
Persian Gulf; 1.29 million in the metropolitan area (2015). approximately 40% are
foreigners. The large number of foreigners reflects the rapid economic
development of the city and the country. Until 1970, the city also named the
Sultanate, which after a palace revolution became part of Oman.
The city lies between volcanic mountains and for centuries was strategically
located on the important trade routes between India, Arabia and Africa. The
appearance and architecture of the city still bear its mark with Arabic,
Persian, Indian and Portuguese-style buildings.
Now Muscat is the modern headquarters of the central administration; Here are
the Sultanate University, modern hospitals and exclusive shops in the Matrah
district. This blend of tradition and modernity is characteristic of the