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Social conditions

Until the takeover of power by Sultan Qabus ibn Said in 1970, Oman was perhaps the world's most isolated and backward country, even wearing glasses was forbidden. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of OMN and acronym for Oman. Slavery was commonplace and all modernization was rejected. Since then, major efforts have been made to develop Oman, especially in housing, education, health care and communications as well as a comprehensive social insurance system. In 2011, government spending on health care amounted to 2.3 per cent of GDP. Oman has free healthcare and some 50 hospitals with approximately 4,700 beds (2012). Medical care is free. Between 1965 and 1990, infant mortality dropped dramatically. During the same period, life expectancy increased by almost 30 years.

The woman's position in Oman is freer than in the more orthodox neighboring countries of Saudi Arabia and Iran. However, she is still subordinate to the man.

Society of Oman


Muscat, Oman's capital, port city at the entrance to the Persian Gulf; 1.29 million in the metropolitan area (2015). approximately 40% are foreigners. The large number of foreigners reflects the rapid economic development of the city and the country. Until 1970, the city also named the Sultanate, which after a palace revolution became part of Oman.

The city lies between volcanic mountains and for centuries was strategically located on the important trade routes between India, Arabia and Africa. The appearance and architecture of the city still bear its mark with Arabic, Persian, Indian and Portuguese-style buildings.

Now Muscat is the modern headquarters of the central administration; Here are the Sultanate University, modern hospitals and exclusive shops in the Matrah district. This blend of tradition and modernity is characteristic of the cosmopolitan city.


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