The most common causes of death are (1993) diseases of
the circulatory system, cancer, accidents, poisonings and
violence. The need for healthcare is well met. The same
year, the social insurance system included retirement and
disability pensions in Palau. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of PLW and acronym for Palau.
People and society
The largest population is Palauians and people of mixed
Melanesian, Micronesian, Austronesian and Malay origin;
these make up 72.5 percent of the population. Filipinos are
the second largest ethnic group with 16.3 percent of the
population. Others are partly Japanese, Chinese and Korean
in origin. About 6,000 Palauians reside abroad. (The World
Life expectancy at birth is 76.23 years for women and
69.69 years for men (2015).
49.4 percent of the population are Roman Catholics and
30.9 percent are Protestants. 8.7 percent are parishes to
the local monotheistic religion of fashionkngei (a mixture
of Christianity, traditional Palauian religion and future
predictions). 5.3 percent are Seventh-day Adventists.
The official languages are Palauian and English. In
three states (Angorol, Hatohobei and Sonsorol), local
languages (sonorolese, tobian) are official; In Angaur,
Japanese is also the official language.
The archipelago has an extension northeast-southwest of
approximately 640 kilometers. Babeldaob (Babelthuap) is the
largest island with the country's highest point Mount
Ngerchelchuus, 242 meters above sea level. In a group with
Babeldaob, the islands of Koror and Peleliu are within the
same barrier reef. All of them, in addition to the island of
Angaur further south, are of volcanic origin. Kayangel and
Ngeruangel are coral islands. The 6 small and isolated
Southwest Islands southwest of the main islands are
Palau has more than 25 larger islands and 300 smaller
islands and islets. There are many small saltwater lakes.
Largest freshwater lake is Ngardok Lake on Babeldaob.
Palau has Micronesia's richest plant and animal life. The
volcanic islands and coral islands have very different
vegetation. On the volcanic islands, there are mangrove
forests and coconut trees along the coast and rainforest
within. Of 1215 vascular species, 67 species are endemic
The only native land mammals are some bat species. Humans
introduced pigs, dogs, mice, rats and chickens. There are
several species of whales in the sea; dugong (a sea cow) is
threatened. There are more than 50 bird species, of which 10
are endemic. Delta crocodile is found in mangroves, among
There are more than 1400 fish species and about 700
species of coral animals, and many mussels. Saltwater Lake
Jellyfish Lake is known for special jellyfish that migrate
daily from one end of the lake to the other.
The climate is tropical. The annual average temperature
is about 28 degrees and there are small seasonal variations.
It rains all year, mostly between July and October, and
annual average rainfall is about 3800 millimeters.