Although the Republic of the Congo is rich in natural resources, up to
75 percent of the population lives in poverty (under US $ 2
per day). Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of ROC and acronym for Republic of the Congo. Seven out of ten Congolese have access to clean
water, but in the countryside the corresponding figure is
one in three. Almost every tenth child dies during his first
year of life.
Congo's welfare system includes family benefits and a
state pension system, but most residents are excluded. The
state's expenditure on health care in 2009 amounted to 3 per
cent of total expenditure. There are 20 hospital beds (2005)
and one doctor per 10,000 residents (2007). Qualified
personnel are available at approximately 80 percent of
deliveries. A dominant problem for healthcare is the many
patients with advanced AIDS. In 2009, 3% of the population
aged 15-49 were estimated to be affected by HIV/AIDS.
Other diseases that require many lives are malaria, measles
Both laws and traditions discriminate against women in
different ways. Polygamy is allowed and men are considered
to have the right to discipline their wives. Almost
two-thirds of women are professionals and only 7 percent of
MPs are women. However, girls attend school almost as much
The indigenous population, aka and gundy pygmies, are
also discriminated against socially as well as economically.