São Tomé and Príncipe have one of the world's lowest per
capita GDP and half the population lives in poverty (under
US $ 2 per day). Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of STP and acronym for Sao Tome and Principe. However, most have access to clean water
and health care is comparatively well developed; there are
32 hospital beds and five doctors per 10,000 residents.
Qualified personnel are available at just over 80 percent of
deliveries. In 2009, 13 percent of government spending on
health care was spent. Common causes of death are lung
disease, malaria, and cardiovascular disease. Nearly a child
of twenty dies during their first year of life. The country
is lacking in international statistics on the incidence of
HIV/AIDS, but according to estimates, 1-4 percent of the
population is infected.
Violence against women is prohibited, even in the home,
but is still common. Almost half of the women are
professionals. On the other hand, the proportion of girls is
as high as that of boys in school. Of the country's MPs, 18
percent are women.