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South America

South America - language

In most South American countries mentioned by, the national language is Spanish; however, Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname respectively. Portuguese, English, French and Dutch as a national language. In a number of countries, some of the Native American languages are also national languages, such as Guaraní in Paraguay and Quechua in Peru. In addition, there are hundreds of thousands who speak Romani across the country.

German immigrants have retained their language in several countries, including in Paraguay, where minorities speak German and Plautdietsch 'Platonic', and in Venezuela alemán coloneiro 'colonial', which differs greatly from standard German. In Argentina, Italian is spoken by approx. 3% of the population.

Creole languages, although unofficial and, for example, not used in educational settings, are the most important languages in the northeastern countries of Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. In Guyana, the English-based creolese is spoken by ca. 85% of the population, in Suriname, the English-based sranan of approx. 80% of the population, and in French Guiana the French-based patwa of approx. one third of the population of the capital Cayenne and of the greater part of the rural population.

There are about 430-480 South American languages, distributed with 5-40 Native American languages in most countries, in Colombia and Peru over 50 and in Brazil alone almost 200. The proportion of people who have Native American languages as a mother tongue, in Paraguay is approx. 95%, in Bolivia approx. 60%, in Peru approx. 35%, in Ecuador approx. 20% and in the other South American countries below 5%.

South America - Health Conditions

The disease pattern is characterized by the different climatic conditions. In the tropical countries, a large number of tropical diseases continue to exist. malaria and Chagas' disease, affecting the rural population hard. Also, diarrheal diseases caused by especially poor water supply affect the rural population, leading to a high mortality rate in children up to the age of five. Malnutrition and malnutrition are also widespread in many countries among the most disadvantaged groups. Civilization diseases such as atherosclerosis and diabetes have been increasing in frequency and are also showing that cardiovascular diseases have become a frequent cause of death. In many countries, the spread of HIV is HIV large with the resulting increasing incidence of AIDS. Accidents are a common cause of death in most countries, and other types of violent death are common in some countries. Overall, there has been a significant increase in life expectancy and a decline in infant mortality since 1970. However, there are large differences between countries, and in most countries the differences between the best and the poorest regions do not appear to have diminished.

In the majority of countries, there is no public health service that covers the entire population. Some countries have programs regarding pregnancy, childbirth and the first years of life incl. vaccinations. The vast majority of healthcare is private in most countries, and there is generally a very uneven distribution of hospitals and health professionals between the regions and between country and city. In several countries, health insurance systems have been introduced, which are, however, most often contingent on an employment relationship.

Countries in South America
  1. Argentina
  2. Bolivia
  3. Brazil
  4. Chile
  5. Colombia
  6. Ecuador
  7. Guyana
  8. Paraguay
  9. Peru
  10. Suriname
  11. Uruguay
  12. Venezuela

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