The social differences are well-marked among the largest
ethnic groups, which are Creole, Indian and Indonesian. A
minority of European origin as well as Chinese carry
important positions in society. The differences tend to
decrease in both business and social life. However, the
indigenous people as well as descendants of escaped African
slaves live in old patterns shielded from the rest of
society. Health care and drinking water are available in
both cities and rural areas to about 90 percent of the
population. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of SUR and acronym for Suriname.
Paramaribo, the capital of Suriname in South America; 240,900 residents
(2012). The town is located on the Surinam River approximately 20 km from the mouth.
It became a cure. by French colonists in the 1640's, but soon after was taken
over by the English and in the 1660's by the Dutch. The last have characterized
the city, among other things. with street names, canals and a number of fine
Dutch-style houses from the 1700's and 1800's. Paramaribo's inner city is on the
UNESCO World Heritage List.
Paramaribo became the capital of Surinam's independence in 1975, and the city
is the country's economic and industrial center and main port city. From here,
among other things, bauxite and alumina (for the manufacture of aluminum),
timber, rice, sugar cane and citrus fruits. The city is one of many included in
the wide-ranging network of drug routes from South to North America, and
organized crime is a problem. The city's university dates from 1968. The
presidential palace of the former governor's residence and Fort Zeelandia has
been restored. The Catholic Cathedral of Peter and Paul of 1885 is said to be
the world's largest wooden church. Other religious communities are also
represented in the multi-ethnic city, with, for example, Hindu temples,
synagogues and the Caribbean's largest mosque.
A special tradition of competitions with songbirds is maintained in the
city's parks. That is why many walkers walk to and from training with their
little black tua-tua in cages.