In 1990, 2.7% of expenditure in the state budget was
allocated to health care. In Tuvalu there were eight doctors
in 1993, ie. 1 per 1 152 residents, one hospital, seven
health centers and 30 sick beds, ie. 1 per 302 residents.
The most common causes of death are liver disease,
meningitis and tuberculosis. In the mid-1990s, social
insurance covered only retirement and disability pensions.
There is a large shortage of educated labor in the country.
In the mid-1990s, more than 1/10 of the country's population
were guest workers at the phosphate mines in the state of
Nauru. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of TUV and acronym for Tuvalu.
The Tuvalu are now facing increasing problems. 40% of the
land on the main atoll Funafuti was destroyed when the
United States built an airport there during the Second World
War. The shortage of agricultural land is increasing every
year. Despite the government's propaganda for family
planning, rapid population growth continues. The situation
will be further aggravated as Naurus phosphate resources
have run out and the Tuvaluans are returning. Tuvalu's
leaders have vainly appealed to Australia to authorize
immigration from Tuvalu in order to alleviate population
pressure. The flat islands of Tuvalu are severely exposed to
floods in tropical hurricanes, and Tuvalu is one of the five
island states in the world that are considered to be at
greatest risk of disappearing if the world's sea level rises
in the coming centuries.