Uganda has one of the lowest GDP per capita in the world
and close to 2/3 of the population lives in poverty (below
US $ 2 per day). Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of UGA and acronym for Uganda. Equal share of Ugandans have access to
clean water. More than every fifteen children die during
their first year of life. Of the infants, 14 per cent are
low-weight and of the infants 16 per cent (2006). Maternal
mortality is estimated at 430 per 100,000 descendants
Access to care is poor, especially in rural areas. There
are four hospital beds (2009) and one doctor (2005) per
10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are available for
fewer than half of the births. Of the state expenditure in
2009, 12 per cent was spent on health care. There are a
number of organizations dedicated to maternal/child health
care and family planning as well as care for HIV positive
and AIDS sufferers. Uganda is one of the countries most
affected by HIV/AIDS, but also the first African country
to successfully fight the epidemic. In the early 1990s,
almost 11 percent of the population aged 15-49 were
infected, a figure that just over 10 years later fell to
6.5%. Since then, the proportion of infected adults has only
changed marginally. Other common causes of death are
malaria, lung and diarrhea and tuberculosis.
In several areas, Uganda is a more equal country than
neighboring countries. For example, girls are allowed to go
to school to the same extent as boys. Of the country's MPs,
32 percent are women, one of the highest figures in Africa.
The largest trade union central organization National
Organization of Trade Unions (NOTU) was formed in 1973. The
main interest has been devoted to labor market issues; inter
alia For example, there have been strong protests against
Uganda's participation in the World Bank and International
Monetary Fund's structural adjustment program, which has
resulted in the dismissal of thousands of public employees.
With foreign support, NOTU conducts a comprehensive training
campaign for union leaders.
Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city; 1.5 million residents (2014). The
town is close to the northern shore of Lake Victoria at 1200 m altitude. The
city is the country's traffic hub with international airport in Entebbe, railway
connection to Kenya and train ferry to Tanzania over Port Bell. The city center
houses a mix of older Indian commercial houses, modern high-rise buildings and
traditional markets. There are separate industrial and residential areas around
the city core; some with villas and well-kept gardens surrounded by high
security walls and inhabited by wealthy Ugandans and foreigners. Occasionally
lie more humble neighborhoods with clay and brick houses with tin roofs; there
are few real slums.
Kampala grew up around the hill Mengo, which in the 1800's. served as the
royal seat of the Bugan kingdom, and Old Kampala Hill, which the British used as
the seat of colonization. On nearby ridges, the Roman Catholic and Anglican
Church as well as a mosque with associated schools and hospitals were built.
Kampala was one of Africa's most developed metropolitan cities in the 1960's, and
by Uganda's independence in 1962 it became the capital. Following recurring
destruction during 15 years of turmoil and civil war, the city has been
undergoing rapid reconstruction since the late 1980's. It is now the economic and
political center of the country. the renowned Makerere University (grdl. 1922)
and Kasubi Tombs built in 1882 as the palace of Buganda's kabaka (king).