Yemen is the poorest and least developed country in the
Middle East. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of YEM and acronym for Yemen. It is also a distinct tribal and clan society,
where loyalty to one's own group is very important. At the
same time, the patriarchal traits are very clear and women's
rights are severely cropped. In 1994, Sharia was
incorporated into Yemen's constitution, which has further
cut women's rights in the country. Polygamy (polygamy) is
allowed - for men - and child marriage is common. The
differences in living conditions between city and
countryside are large. Access to healthcare and clean water
and is very poor in rural areas.
The public welfare system is poorly developed; In 2009,
the healthcare sector accounted for 5.6 percent of Yemen's
GDP. There is a shortage of hospitals, doctors and
healthcare professionals, and many suffer from malnutrition
and/or poor health. Infant mortality is much higher than
other countries in the region and at the same level as many
of the poorest leathers in Africa. Common diseases are
dysentery, malaria, whooping cough, measles, jaundice,
cholera and tuberculosis.
In 1911, Imam Yahya Ad-Din led a nationalist uprising.
The rebellion forced the Turks two years later to recognize
the authority of the Imams in northern Yemen, in return for
accepting continued formal Turkish supremacy.
After World War I, Yahya declared himself ruler over
Yemen, leading to conflicts with the Saudi emir of Najd and
with the British in Aden. After putting Hidjaz under his
state, Ibn Saud carried out a swift offensive against Yahya,
who, by the 1934 peace treaty, had to accept that he lost
some territory in the northern part of the country. The
English did not go so far as to declare war. Instead, they
breathed in on the internal conflicts, supporting internal
opposition groups against the imam killed in 1948.
His successor Ahmad in 1958 joined the country to the
United Arab Republic, which also consisted of Egypt and
Syria, but already in 1961 Yemen was again withdrawn. When
he died the following year, he was succeeded by his son
Muhammad Al-Badr, who, however, was overthrown by Nasser
faith military people in September of that year. The crashed
imam now, with open support from Saudi Arabia and England,
launched a protracted civil war against the Republican
government. He was also supported by Egypt and the conflict
extended until 1970.
The resolution of the conflict became Solomonian. A coup
d'état among Republicans themselves led moderate Al Iryani
to power. In southern Yemen, the National Liberation Front
was formed in 1963. It entered Aden in 1967, proclaimed the
country as independent and initiated a revolution that
called itself socialist.
The new Democratic People's Republic of Yemen closed all
the British bases in 1969, nationalizing the banks, foreign
trade and shipping. At the same time, land reform was
initiated. In his attempts to isolate "the Middle Cuba",
Saudi Arabia's position was that Al Iryani was the lesser of
two evils and decided to support him.
Despite political and ideological differences between the
governments of northern and southern Yemen, in October 1972,
Al Iryani signed an agreement with the Democratic People's
Republic (South Yemen) that envisaged a reunification of the
This came across the Saudi strategy and in June 1974, Al
Iryani was forced by Colonel Ibrahim al Hamadi to resign and
Hamadi took over the government of Sana'a. The young officer
initially had great sympathy with Saudi King Faisal, but
they quickly came into conflict as Hamadi tried to
centralize power and rise against the feudal chiefs in the
north. After 3 unsuccessful attempted assaults, he and his
brother, Colonel Lieutenant Abdallah Mohamed al Hamadi, were
killed on October 11, 1977.
In North Yemen, a junta now assumed power. It consisted
of Colonel Lieutenant Ahmed al-Gashmi, who led the junta,
Prime Minister Abdelaziz Abdul Ghani and Major Abdul
al-Abdel Aalim, all of whom declared that they would
continue the policies of the previous government. This
statement cost al-Gashmi life. He was killed by a car bomb
in June 1978.