Since 1966, Botswana has enjoyed strong economic growth. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of BWA and acronym for Botswana. The development is largely the result of diamond mining combined with a stable political development with regular and general elections. The government’s development policy has been focused on expanding health care and education and diversifying the economy to break the unilateral dependence on diamond income.
In 2009, 17 percent of public spending was spent on health care. However, about a quarter of Botswani still live below the poverty line and the country is among those most affected by HIV/AIDS; 25 percent of the population aged 15-49 are estimated to be infected (2009).
In other areas, Botswana is more successful. Infant mortality is lower in Botswana than in most African countries; just under 5 percent of children die during their first year of life. Qualified help is available at almost all deliveries. In a country with a general water shortage, almost all (95 percent) have access to clean water. Most of the population lives a maximum of 15 km from a health station and there are 18 hospital beds (2008) and three doctors (2006) per 10,000 residents.
Botswana – Gaborone
Gaborone, before 1969 Gaberones, the capital of Botswana, located in the south-eastern part of the country, near the border with South Africa; 274,400 residents (2019). It was not until the 1960s that the small Gaborone railway station was expanded to the capital of Botswana. Previously, Botswana was administered from Mafeking in South Africa.
It became the seat of government in 1965, a year before the country’s independence. The administration then moved from Mafeking in South Africa. Gaborone has an international airport. The city is the seat of the University of Botswana (founded in 1971).