Burkina Faso is one of the world’s poorest countries. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of BFA and acronym for Burkina Faso. Nearly half of the population lives on less than a dollar a day. The hospitals are congested and poorly equipped. In 2006, there were 700 doctors in the country, or one per 20,000 residents. In the same year, 72% of the population had access to clean water and 13% to sanitary facilities. 17 percent of women use some form of contraceptive, but the figures vary widely between urban and rural populations.
The most common diseases are related to malnutrition and lack of sanitary conditions. In the years 2000–06, approximately 37 percent of all children under the age of 5 were estimated to have been malnourished. Other problem diseases are mainly sleep sickness, malaria and seasickness. 7 percent of public spending goes to health care. Comprehensive campaigns have been conducted to limit the spread of AIDS (about 2 percent of the population was infected in 2005) and to stop female genital mutilation, which was prohibited by law in 1996. Between 1996 and 2006, the proportion of sexually abused girls dropped from three-quarters to less than half.
Burkina Faso has invested a great deal in improving the conditions of the rural population. by redistributing resources from city to country. Nevertheless, the urban population continues to increase rapidly (1990–2006 by 4.9 percent per year). Since 1960 there has been an old-age pension and since 1967 an insurance system.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 35,850,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||6.40%|
|GDP per capita||1,900 USD|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||46.7%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||4.20%|
|Investment volume||20.1% of GDP|
|National debt||38.10% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 45,300,000|