In the early 1990s, maternal mortality was 700 per 100,000 offspring and in 2005 980 per 100,000. The last year, approximately 250,000 people were living with AIDS. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of CAF and acronym for Central African Republic.
In 2004, there were 8 physicians per 100,000 residents in health care. The corresponding figure for nurses and midwives was 38 per 100,000 residents. Only half of the Central African Republic’s residents have access to basic health care. The government uses about 4 percent of GDP for the health sector. 66 percent of the population has access to clean water, 31 percent to satisfactory wastewater. The government has continued to pursue the trade union movement. The largest trade union central organization is the Union Syndicale des Travailleurs Centrafricains (USTC), which organizes, among other things, public employees. The civil servants have striked several times in protest against being discriminated against by union members and wages being paid irregularly.
Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic; 734,300 residents (2012); The population has grown sharply since the country’s independence in 1958, mainly due to immigration in connection with the drought in the 1970’s. The city was founded in 1899 by the French colony administration on the river Oubangui, which for many years was the city’s only transport connection to the sea. Bangui is clearly divided into a modern center with associated affluent suburbs and spontaneously arising slums without water and electricity. Most of the residents live in the slum, and here are the largest markets. The city has few jobs in industry and administration; the majority of the residents feed in the so-called informal sector of trade and small jobs; many are unemployed. The city’s need for timber and firewood has led to predatory operations on the resources of the surrounding rainforest and savanna.
The coup attempt and subsequent fighting resulted in mass escape from Bangui in 2001. The March 2013 coup and the subsequent fighting between various militias led to violent clashes in the city.