Guinea has a relatively well-developed social insurance system that includes, among other things, occupational injury, sickness, disability and pension benefits. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of GIN and acronym for Guinea. Central decisions also regulate minimum wages and total working hours per week. However, the state of health in the country is poor and malaria, schistosomiasis, tuberculosis and intestinal parasites are common. Of the population aged 15-49, 1% is estimated to be affected by HIV/AIDS (2009). Access to health care is very poor: there are three hospital beds and a doctor of 10,000 residents (2005). Qualified personnel are available at just under half of the deliveries. In 2009, 4% of government expenditures went to health care.
Looking at GDP per capita, Guinea is one of the world’s poorest countries. In 2007, about 70% of the population lived in poverty (below US $ 2 per day) and more than half of them managed to settle for less than US $ 1.25 per day. Roughly one in three Guineans lack access to clean water, and almost every tenth child dies during their first year of life.
The position of women in Guinea is in many ways subordinate to that of men, although the regime works in various ways for increased equality. A large proportion of girls enter into marriage before they turn 18, and polygamy is common. Genital mutilation (female circumcision) is prohibited by law, but is still common. The proportion of girls who are allowed to attend school is clearly lower than the proportion of boys, especially in secondary school. Of the country’s MPs, 19% are women.
Guinea – Conakry
Conakry, Konakry, the capital of Guinea on the west coast of Africa; 1. 7 million residents (2014). The city, located partly on the island of Tombo, which has a bridge connection with the mainland and partly on the Kaloum Peninsula, is the end point for the railway from Kankan inland. Conakry is the country’s largest city as well as its administrative, commercial and industrial center. Aluminum, iron ore, bananas, palm kernels, coffee and fish are exported from Conakry’s deep harbor. International Airport is 15 km northeast of the city center.
Conakry was founded by the French in 1884, became the administrative center of French Guinea in 1893 and, from 1958, is the capital of independent Guinea.