State pension from the age of 65 has been around since the 1940s. There are also general health, life, disability, unemployment and maternity insurance.
Although some successes have been achieved through investments in drinking water, vaccination and the fight against malaria, measles, influenza and malaria are still common. At the beginning of the 1990s, there were 29 hospitals and 149 health centers and 1 doctor per 2,600 residents. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of GUY and acronym for Guyana.
Social tensions are high and unemployment is constantly high. Real wages have been declining in recent decades and crime has risen. The government has tried to equalize the income inequalities, which has led many well-off and educated to leave the country.
Georgetown, capital of Guyana, South America; approximately 235,000 residents (2011). The town lies on the right bank of the River Demera and has an ethnically composed population. Like most of Guiana’s coastal area, the city lies beneath the sea level and is protected by dikes. Many houses are built on poles to catch the sea breeze in the tropical-humid climate. The 44 m high St. George’s Cathedral from 1889 is among the world’s largest wooden buildings.
Georgetown holds over a quarter of the nation’s population in addition to state administration and much of the economic activity. The city is home to the Caribbean cooperative CARICOM. Like other major cities in that part of the world, the city is experiencing increasing problems with traffic accidents and crime.
Founded by British settlers in 1781, Georgetown gained the status of capital in 1831 when Guyana was created. In the intervening years the area was alternately British, French and Dutch.