Honduras is one of Latin America’s poorest countries. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of HND and acronym for Honduras. The distribution of income is very uneven, with around 30 percent of the population living in poverty, more than half of whom live in extreme poverty (below US $ 1.25/day).
Malnutrition and the lack of running water and sewage pose a serious threat to the rural population. about 2.5 percent of children die during their first year of life. More than half of the population lives in substandard housing and almost a fifth lack basic sanitary resources. Infections and parasites are common causes of death. Officially, unemployment is about 5 percent. Economic tightening with the slimming of social expenditures at least in the short term deteriorates the social situation. Higher prices for basic commodities and sharply increased electricity tariffs have also contributed to this, which has led to vigorous popular protests and demonstrations.
In the 1990s, however, the government tried to reverse the trend by investing 30 percent of the state budget in the health care, school and social sectors; In 2012, 12 percent of government spending was spent on health care. It has produced visible results in the form of somewhat higher living standards and, for example, reduced child mortality. More than 90 percent of children are vaccinated against the most common childhood diseases. There is a state social insurance system that guarantees citizens some protection. This includes, among other things, sickness benefits, childbirth, unemployment and pensions.
Violence and high crime are a major social problem in the country. According to the UN, 65 people per 100,000 residents were murdered in 2014, which is one of the highest homicide rates in the world. The capital Tegucigalpa and the second largest city of San Pedro Sula are hit hard by crime.