The healthcare in Jamaica is mainly run by the public sector. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of JAM and acronym for Jamaica. In 1993, there were 18 hospitals, about 300 health centers, about 400 doctors and about 11,000 nurses. During the 1990s, about 7% of the state expenditure was allocated to health care. Unemployment was around 25% in the mid-1990s.
Drugs are a major social problem in Jamaica. Apart from the abuse among the youth, the desire, especially in the poor parts of Kingston, has increased. In rural areas, poor farmers have started growing marijuana to squeeze out their income. The increase in organized and armed gang fights is alarming. During the 1990s, several hundred deaths were claimed annually in drug-related violence. The violence is also based on low incomes and unemployment.
In October 1995, a wing broke out of the Labor Party and formed the National Democratic Movement. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Patterson continued to liberalize the economy and his transformation of the financial sector made it one of the country’s most thriving.
In 1997, a committee formed by the political parties, religious representatives and residents groups was formed to find solutions to the extensive violence in the country. The pressure from this committee made Jamaica the first country to run from the United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, restricting the use of the death penalty.
The widespread violence during the election campaign up to the election of December 18, 1997 led to many candidates retiring. In the election, the PNP captured 50 of Parliament’s seats while the remaining 10 went to the Labor Party.
Jamaica withdrew from the OAS Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in 1998 because of its opposition to the death penalty – a practice used in both Jamaica and many other Caribbean countries. Along with the other former British colonies, Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica and Trinidad, in June 98 Jamaica decided to cut off relations with the Supreme Court in London and form a joint Caribbean Supreme Court.
Following his appointment as chairman of the G15 group – a group of 15 developing countries – Prime Minister Patterson declared at a meeting of the Kingston group in February 1999 that a new lender organization was needed for difficult situations. In his view, the IMF is unable to fulfill this role.
That same year, the military was dispatched on the street to bring the riots under control as a result of large price increases. For example. gasoline increased by 30%. The country remains one of the highest murder rates in the world. In 2001, crime increased by 30% and the number of murders reached 1,100.