Like most of the former Soviet republics, Kyrgyzstan has long been seen as relatively far ahead in the social field, with a well-developed health and social care system. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of KYR and acronym for Kyrgyzstan. However, that everything is not, or has been, the right to be evidenced by medical indicators, which in many cases give the impression of foreign conditions. There were 20 doctors per 10,000 residents in 2012. Unemployment and underemployment have long been hidden in the agricultural industries, which functioned as an employment buffer.
Old-age pensions are paid at the age of 60 for men and at 55 for women, and the sickness benefit has so far fully covered the loss of income. The necessity of economic reform means that many subsidies on goods and services are now disappearing. In 1994, state price controls were removed. The image of a well-developed affinity across ethnic borders has proved to be poorly matched with reality. In connection with the political liberation, for example, ethnic conflicts between Kyrgyz and the Uzbek flare up in the city of Osh. The emigration of non-Kyrgyz has been significant. Check to see Kyrgyzstan population.
Area: 199,949 km2 (world ranking: 85)
Population density: 31 per km2 (status 2017, world ranking: 110)
Capital: Biskek (Bishkek)
Official languages: Kyrgyz, Russian
Gross domestic product: US $ 7.6 billion; Real growth: 4.6%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 1130 US $
Currency: 1 Kyrgyzstan Som (KS) = 100 Tyjyn
Otto-Suhr-Allee 146, 10585 Berlin
Telephone 030 34781338,
Fax 030 34781362
Head of State: Sooronbaj Dscheenbekow, Head of Government: Muchammedkaly Abylgasijew, Exterior: Erlan Abdildajew
National holiday: 31.8.
7 regions and two cities
Form of Government
Constitution of 2010
Parliament: Supreme Council (Zhogorku Kenesh) with 120 Members Rank, elections every 5 years.
Direct election of the head of state every 6 years (re-election)
Voting age 18 years
Population: Kirghiz, last census 2009: 5,362,800 people
70% Kirghiz, 15% Uzbeks, 8% Russians; Minorities of Dungans, Uyghurs, Ukrainians, Tatars, Kazakhs, Tajiks and other
Cities (with population): (Status 2018) Biskek (Bishkek) 987,600 inh., Os (Osh) 260,000, Dzalalabat (Jalalabat) 107,500, Karakol 74,900
Religions: 85% Muslims, 5% Orthodox, etc. (status: 2006)
Languages: Kyrgyz, Russian; Languages of the minority
Workers by economic sector: Agriculture. 27%, industry 22%, business 51% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of the labor force)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.2%
Foreign trade: Import: 4.5 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 1.9 billion (2017)
Internally, the conflict between the President of the Republic Akayev and the opposition forces, of communist and nationalist inspiration, dominated political life in the years immediately following independence: a limitation of presidential prerogatives was pursued by the opposition and the new Constitution, approved in May 1993, it introduced a parliamentary system of government. However, the instability recorded by political life in the following years, which continued even after the legislative elections of February 1995, marked by extensive irregularities, allowed Akayev (reconfirmed in the office of President of the Republic in December 1995) to promote a strengthening of its prerogatives: a constitutional amendment to this effect was then approved by referendum in February 1996. In July 1998 a sentence was issued by the Constitutional Court allowing President Akayev to stand, for a third term, in the presidential elections scheduled for 2000. In October 1998, another popular referendum approved further constitutional amendments, including the right to private land ownership and media liberalization, with 91 % of the votes. In foreign policy, Kyrgyzstan maintained close relations with the Russian Federation, with which he signed (June 1992) a treaty of friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance. Kyrgyzstan then took part in the integration process that affected some of the former Soviet states in the early nineties: in March 1996 he signed a treaty with Kazakhstan, Belarus and the Russian Federation for the strengthening of economic, cultural and social relations, aimed at creating of a ‘community of integrated states’, simultaneously joining the customs union created by the same countries. Furthermore, after the encroachment on its territory of Islamic militias active in the civil war in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan participated in the peacekeeping force sent to you by the CIS in 1993.. At the same time, Kyrgyzstan strove to improve his international relations and enter into new agreements with neighboring countries: in the early nineties, contacts with Turkey recorded a significant strengthening, favored by the linguistic and cultural ties existing between the two countries, while Akayev reiterated the secular nature of the state, albeit in a country with an Islamic majority, against the repeated threats of insurrections by Muslim fundamentalists, which intensified in the following years especially in southern Kyrgyzstan. Furthermore, several bilateral cooperation agreements were signed with China during 1996 and in April of the same year, Kyrgyzstan signed, together with the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, an agreement with Beijing for the demilitarization of the common borders.
Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek
Bishkek, 1926–90 Frunze, capital of Kyrgyzstan; 1 million residents (2019). Bishkek is located in Tjudalen near the border with Kazakhstan.
Business includes manufacturing of agricultural machinery, textiles and shoes, and food. The city has universities (founded in 1951) and several colleges.
Bishkek was founded in 1825 as the Pishpek fortress (a name the city came to retain until 1926) in connection with the Khanate of Kokand’s conquest of the area. Russian troops occupied the site in 1862, which has since been a major military fortification.