Like most of the former Soviet republics, Kyrgyzstan has long been seen as relatively far ahead in the social field, with a well-developed health and social care system. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of KYR and acronym for Kyrgyzstan. However, that everything is not, or has been, the right to be evidenced by medical indicators, which in many cases give the impression of foreign conditions. There were 20 doctors per 10,000 residents in 2012. Unemployment and underemployment have long been hidden in the agricultural industries, which functioned as an employment buffer.
Old-age pensions are paid at the age of 60 for men and at 55 for women, and the sickness benefit has so far fully covered the loss of income. The necessity of economic reform means that many subsidies on goods and services are now disappearing. In 1994, state price controls were removed. The image of a well-developed affinity across ethnic borders has proved to be poorly matched with reality. In connection with the political liberation, for example, ethnic conflicts between Kyrgyz and the Uzbek flare up in the city of Osh. The emigration of non-Kyrgyz has been significant.
Area: 199,949 km2 (world ranking: 85)
Population density: 31 per km2 (status 2017, world ranking: 110)
Capital: Biskek (Bishkek)
Official languages: Kyrgyz, Russian
Gross domestic product: US $ 7.6 billion; Real growth: 4.6%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 1130 US $
Currency: 1 Kyrgyzstan Som (KS) = 100 Tyjyn
Otto-Suhr-Allee 146, 10585 Berlin
Telephone 030 34781338,
Fax 030 34781362
Head of State: Sooronbaj Dscheenbekow, Head of Government: Muchammedkaly Abylgasijew, Exterior: Erlan Abdildajew
National holiday: 31.8.
7 regions and two cities
Form of Government
Constitution of 2010
Parliament: Supreme Council (Zhogorku Kenesh) with 120 Members Rank, elections every 5 years.
Direct election of the head of state every 6 years (re-election)
Voting age 18 years
Population: Kirghiz, last census 2009: 5,362,800 people
70% Kirghiz, 15% Uzbeks, 8% Russians; Minorities of Dungans, Uyghurs, Ukrainians, Tatars, Kazakhs, Tajiks and other
Cities (with population): (Status 2018) Biskek (Bishkek) 987,600 inh., Os (Osh) 260,000, Dzalalabat (Jalalabat) 107,500, Karakol 74,900
Religions: 85% Muslims, 5% Orthodox, etc. (status: 2006)
Languages: Kyrgyz, Russian; Languages of the minority
Workers by economic sector: Agriculture. 27%, industry 22%, business 51% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of the labor force)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.2%
Foreign trade: Import: 4.5 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 1.9 billion (2017)
Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek
Bishkek, 1926–90 Frunze, capital of Kyrgyzstan; 1 million residents (2019). Bishkek is located in Tjudalen near the border with Kazakhstan.
Business includes manufacturing of agricultural machinery, textiles and shoes, and food. The city has universities (founded in 1951) and several colleges.
Bishkek was founded in 1825 as the Pishpek fortress (a name the city came to retain until 1926) in connection with the Khanate of Kokand’s conquest of the area. Russian troops occupied the site in 1862, which has since been a major military fortification.