In terms of GDP per capita, Mali is one of the world’s poorest countries. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of MLI and acronym for Mali. About 3/4 of the population lives in poverty (under US $ 2 per day). Only half of the population has access to clean water.
The social welfare system in Mali is not very well developed and includes only people with formal employment. For others, social issues are expected to be handled within the family or large family circle. In 2009, 9% of total government expenditure was allocated to health care. Access to care is very poor; there are six hospital beds and fewer than one doctor per 10,000 residents (2008). Qualified personnel are available for half of the deliveries. Most deaths are caused by diseases such as pneumonia, influenza and diarrhea. Malaria and tuberculosis are also common. In 2009, 1% of the population aged 15-49 were estimated to be affected by HIV/AIDS.
Women’s rights are severely limited. In 2009, a law was passed by Parliament that would mean greater gender equality, but after strong protests from Muslim groups, President Touré chose not to sign the proposal.
A new bill was approved in 2012. The law states, among other things. that the woman must obey the man, who is the head of the family. Polygamy is common, as is violence against women. Genital mutilation (female circumcision) is not prohibited and the vast majority of Malian women have been subjected to the procedure. The proportion of girls who attend school is less than the proportion of boys. This is especially true of the secondary school, but also the primary school. Only about 1/3 of the women are professionals. Of the country’s MPs, 10% are women.
Area: 1,240,192 km2 (world rank: 23)
Population density: 15 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 62)
Official languages: French
Gross domestic product: 15.3 billion US $; Real growth: 5.3%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 770 US$
Currency: CFA franc
Kurfürstendamm 72, 10709 Berlin
Telephone 030 3199883,
Fax 030 31998848 http://ambassademali.de
Head of State: Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, Head of Government: Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga, Outside: Tiéman Coulibaly
National holiday: 22.9.
8 regions and capital district
State and form of government
Constitution of 1992
Parliament: National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 147 members, including 13 representatives from Malians abroad, election every 5 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (one-time re-election)
Right to vote from 18 J.
Population of: Malians, last census 2009: 14,528,662 residents
37% Bambara, 14% Fulbe (Peul), 9% Senufo, 9% Soninké, 8% Dogon, 7% Songhai, 7% Malinké, 3% Diola, 2% Bobo and Oulé, 2% Tuareg and other
Cities (with population): (As of 2009) Bamako 1,810,366 inh., Sikasso 226,618, Koutiala 141,444, Ségou 133,501, Kayes 126,319, Mopti 120,786, Kalabancoro 96,173, Gao 86,353, Kati 84,500
Religions: 95% Muslims (mainly Sunnis), 2-5% Christians; Followers of indigenous religions (as of 2006)
Languages: 40% Bambara, 10% French; Songhai-Djerma, Manding, Soninké, Arabic, Ful
Employees by economic sector: no information
Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 1.8%
Foreign trade: Import: 4.7 billion US $ (2017); Export: 2.8 billion US $ (2017)