Mallorca (Balearic Islands)
Mallorca, is located in the eastern part of the Balearic archipelago in the western Mediterranean Sea. With the typical mild and maritime climate of the Balearic Islands, Mallorca is also known as a sunny island and invites you to visit all year round. The delicious food and the many leisure activities in the sports area are also an argument for your vacationon the island of Mallorca. Many of the places have retained their original character and also offer museums, the well-known windmills or weekly markets that convey the feel-good character.
In the west and north of Mallorca there are two mountain ranges, the Serra de Llevant and the Serra Tramuntana. The highest point on Mallorca is the Puig Major with its 1,445 meters. In the east and south of the island there are two levels: Es Pla and Migjorn. Cala Rajada on the northeast coast of Mallorca
is known as a tourist destination. Nevertheless, the place has retained something of the romance of a fishing port. A beautiful promenade and a lighthouse on Cap Capdepera, also the most easterly point of Mallorca, allow relaxation. On the southwest coast of Mallorca is Paguera, which is also very popular with three beaches of high standard
Has holiday resorts. They are very much geared towards tourists here and you won’t find much that is really Mallorcan. Paguera is, however, suitable as a starting point for beautiful excursions or hikes and walks in the nearby forest areas.
A small and friendly town can be found in Alcudia, which is located on the northeast coast of the island. It is located in the middle of nature and is surrounded by an excellently restored and almost closed wall ring.
The capital of Mallorca is Palma de Mallorca. It has a well-preserved old town. Worth seeing in Palma de Mallorca are the magnificent church Basilica de Sant Fancesc. It is a single-nave church and has a romantic cloister. It has been a cultural monument since 1981 and the second largest church in the Balearic Islands.
The Catedral La Seu makes the silhouette of the city of Palma perfect and recognizable. The landmark of Palma de Mallorca is located in the south of the old town, near the coast. It has a nave with a width of 19.40 meters, a height of about 44 meters and has 14 columns. It is one of the largest cathedrals in all of Europe and also has beautiful treasures that you should definitely see.
The south coast, where Palma is also located, is one of the most popular holiday areas, if only because of the many long sandy beaches that are there, but also the shopping and nightlife options. This island region is also very suitable for spending a holiday in a holiday home on Mallorca. The port of Palma is also likely to have a certain attraction for holidaymakers.
Those interested in culture do not miss out in Mallorca. Temporary art exhibitions take place in Sa Llotja. The place that was once a trading exchange and a trading post for goods and money, the building alone, which is very similar to a cathedral, is also worth seeing. And other museums or exhibitions of different directions are scattered all over the island.
The island of Mallorca is the main island of the Balearic Group and is located around 180 kilometers from mainland Spain at the height of Valencia on the 39th parallel north.
The climate on Mallorca is subtropical, typical Mediterranean climate with little to no precipitation in the hot midsummer and comparatively much rain in the cooler winter months.
The mountains, the Serra de Tramuntana, rising in the northwest of Mallorca, are up to 1,500 meters high and keep the frequently blowing, cold winds from the north, Tramontana and Mistral, from the rest of the island.
Mallorca’s climate is determined by the Azores high in summer. This ensures the high temperatures in the interior of the country in July and August can be just under 40 degrees Celsius. On average, the air on the island warms up to values of over 27 degrees Celsius from June to September. At night, temperatures hardly drop below 20 degrees Celsius in the summer months.
From September onwards, the influence of the Atlantic low pressure foothills increases. Especially in October there can be heavy rainfall, which can also lead to flooding. On average, during the year Mallorca falls between 1,500 millimeters of precipitation in the north and 400 millimeters in the south and west of the island.
Cooler temperatures averaging below twenty degrees are to be expected from November to March. At night it can be quite cool with temperatures around six degrees C. Snow falls on the heights of the mountains.
Best travel time for Mallorca
The main season on Mallorca starts in June and lasts until September with the absolute high point in July and August. Then it is hot, dry and crowded on Mallorca. Beach holidays and water sports are quite possible.
It is often too hot in summer for other activities such as cycling, hiking or sightseeing. The spring months from April to mid-June are more suitable for this.
The end of winter is particularly popular because the almond trees bloom in February. If the weather is good, it can get over twenty degrees on mild days, but you also have to be prepared for the cold and bad weather.
Mallorca belongs to the archipelago of the Balearic Islands, which is one of the 17 autonomous communities of the Kingdom of Spain. Mallorca is the largest of the Balearic Islands, which lie off the south-east coast of Spain in the western Mediterranean. The total area ofMallorcais 3,640 square kilometers. The capital of Mallorca and the Balearic Islands is Palma.
Mallorca is part of the Balearic foothills and is about 82 kilometers off the coast of Alicante. The landscape of the island, shaped like a trapezoid, is characterized by strong contrasts. The approximately 20 km wide range of hills of the Tramuntana runs along the rugged cliffs in the northwest from the island of Dragonera to the Cape de Formentor and thus takes up about a quarter of the entire island area. The Tramuntana has several peaks over 1,000 meters high, of which the Puig Major, north of Sóller, is 1,445 metersMallorca’s highest mountain. The lower mountain ranges parallel to the Tramuntana formed strongly jagged bays on the Costa Brava Mallorquina. In the southeast, the Tramuntana is replaced by the mostly undulating Llanura del Centro, which is also called “Es Pla”, the plain. It is the most fertile region on the island, where mainly vegetables are grown. The plain continues to the coast, while in the east the Serra de Levante rises, which extends to the north to the entire peninsula of Artá. Here the mountains still reach a height of more than 500 meters.
The more than 550 kilometers long coastline of Mallorca is just as diverse as the landscape of the interior of the island. The towering cliff in the northwest of the island is characterized by inaccessible rocks that leave little space for some bays. Sandy beaches are only available in Port de Sóller and Cala Sant Vicenc. In contrast, the rocky east coast with its many small bays is much more pleasant and accessible. Beautiful wide beaches can be found on the northeast coast the island. In the north of Mallorca there are smaller stretches of beach along the Bay of Pollenca, some of which are rocky and some are covered with sand. The approximately eight kilometers long continuous beach in the Bay of Alcúdia between Can Picafort and Port d’Alcúdia is a special feature on the north coast. Es Trenc beach is also an exceptionbetween Colonia de Sant Jordi and Sa Rapita on the south coast of Mallorca. Like the beaches further south, it extends over many kilometers and is a popular destination for bathing holidaymakers because of its light sand. To the west the coast rises gradually and is difficult to access up to the bay of Palma. Since the bay itself originally only had narrow stretches of beach, they were artificially widened and completely built on with hotels and holiday complexes. Only in the southwest, which is characterized by slightly rising mountains, does the coast with large and small bays and beautiful beaches appear more pleasing again.