Niger is one of the world’s poorest countries with high unemployment and underemployment. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of NER and acronym for Niger. Similarly, the lack of clean water and functioning sewage systems, especially in rural areas, where only 40% of the population has access to clean water is a major problem. About 75% of the population lives in poverty (under US $ 2 per day).
|Land area||1,267,000 km²|
|Residents per km²||18th|
|Income per capita||$ 1,200|
|Currency||CFA Franc BCEAO|
|ISO 3166 code||NE|
|Time zone UTC||+1|
|Geographic coordinates||16 00 N, 8 00 O|
Health care is poorly developed with hospitals only in the larger cities; there are three hospital beds per 10,000 residents (2005). The rural population has very limited access to public health care. Physician density is among the lowest in the world, 1 per 50,000 residents (2008). Qualified personnel are available at only every three births. Vaccination programs have reduced mortality in epidemic diseases, but various infectious and parasitic diseases (lung diseases, malaria, measles, gastric diseases, whooping cough) are serious health problems and are among the most common causes of death. About 1% of the population aged 15-49 is estimated to be affected by HIV/AIDS (2009). In 2009, 14% of the state budget was allocated to health care.
Women are discriminated against in a number of ways. Abuse of women is common, but is rarely reported. Slavery is formally prohibited, but many Nigerians, especially women, still live in slave-like conditions. Genital mutilation (female genital mutilation) occurs among certain ethnic groups, but the practice is prohibited and appears to be diminishing in scope. Only about one in five women are literate, but in primary school the proportion of girls is now only slightly lower than the proportion of boys. More than 1/3 of the women are professionals. Of the country’s MPs, 13% are women.