Oil revenues led to a dramatic change in the public sector, and Qatar created one of the most advanced and comprehensive welfare systems in the Gulf region. However, it only covers the nation’s citizens. In 2010, there were 2.8 doctors and 7.4 nurses per 1,000 residents, the highest figure in the entire Arab world. There are nine hospitals, five of which are state and four private. There is no reliable data on Qatar’s active workforce, but estimates suggest that about 80 percent are immigrants. Women work for the most part in healthcare and teaching. In recent years, the government has deliberately, often through special wages, encouraged the country’s citizens to work in industry and in new service industries with the aim of reducing immigrants’ share of the labor force. In Qatar, many young are well educated, both women and men. To see related acronyms about this country, please check AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of QAT and acronym for Qatar.
Qatar has played an increasingly important role in security and foreign policy in the Middle East since the 1990s. Commitment increased throughout the 2000s, especially during and in the wake of the Arab Spring. Qatar has sought to take on an independent role in a region of many conflicts, and has on several occasions acted as mediator. The capital city of Doha has sought to be established as a form of neutral zone. Qatar has thereby, in a way, sought to take on a similar role as Norway: a petty state that facilitates meetings between conflicting parties.
Already in 1981 joined Qatar to cooperation organization Gulf Cooperation Council (Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC), but has at times at odds with several of the leading states, especially neighboring Saudi Arabia. Both in 2014 and 2017 there was a diplomatic conflict between Qatar and several GCC states:
Qatar has participated in several multinational military operations. Qatar forces participated in the campaign to liberate Kuwait from Iraq during the Gulf War in 1990-91, and were then used as a base for Allied air strikes. After the war, the United States strengthened its cooperation with Qatar, and established a military base and a command center, used both during the attack on Afghanistan in 2001 and Iraq in 2003. Military cooperation continued and expanded.
Qatar itself participates in fighter jets in this multinational operation – Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) – aimed at Islamists in Iraq and Syria. Qatar has also participated in the Saudi-led multinational fight against the Houti militia in Yemen, through Operation Decisive Storm. As a result of the conflict with Saudi Arabia in the summer of 2017, Qatar was excluded from this. Qatar also participated militarily during the war in Libya, through Operation Unified Protector (OUP). At the same time, Qatar provided weapons assistance to rebel forces in Libya, outside the framework of the operation.
Despite its military ties to the United States, Qatar has far from been hit by international terror, but in 2005 a suicide bomber detonated in Doha.