In most Eastern European states, the communist society gave citizens some security, such as guaranteed work, sick pay and cheap basic food. This was initially true in Romania as well, but during the 1980s, living standards and general health levels dropped significantly due to cold housing and food and drug shortages and so on. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of ROM and acronym for Romania. Here, a substandard environment played, and still plays, a big role. To increase population growth, Ceaușescu banned abortions. This led to a number of deaths in connection with illegal abortions and about 200,000 unwanted children ended up in orphanages.
When the market forces after the 1989 revolution were released, unemployment rose alarmingly. In the early 2000s, about 15 percent of the population lived in poverty (below US $ 2/day), a figure that in 2011 dropped to 2 percent; just over 20 percent of the population lives below the national poverty line (2011). Thus, with many of the above-mentioned problems unresolved, inadequate medical care and an inadequate social protection network, the situation remains difficult. In the country, there are 24 doctors and 61 hospital beds per 10,000 residents (2011).
In December 1999, a coalition strike and quarrels within the coalition led the government to step down. Vasile fought the resignation of the government, which had been decreed by the president (who, like Vasile himself, is a Christian Democrat), but his parliamentary base quickly disappeared, and on December 14 the government had to step down. The post of Prime Minister was temporarily taken over by Alexandru Athanasiu and then by Mugur Isarescu.
In February 2000, the patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, Teoctisto, publicly apologized for the concessions the church had personally made during the country’s communist period. According to the patriarch, the concessions had been given to ensure the “survival” of the Orthodox Church.
In the fall of 2000, several thousand liters of cyanide ran into the Somes River, a tributary of the Tisza and Danube rivers. The disaster caused the flora and fauna along several hundred kilometers of rivers to be killed. The spill occurred at the Aurul gold plant near Baia Maresobre. It is controlled by Australian and Romanian capital. The pollution affected supplies of fresh water in Hungary, Ukraine, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. Hungary and Yugoslavia made claims in the million class against Romania, but the authorities here refused to blame them for the accident.
The increasing problems of the government led to a political shift in the fall of 2000. The November parliamentary elections were won by the Social Democratic PSD, which formed a minority government with Adrian Nastase as prime minister. The government was supported by the Hungarian minority party, the Foreign Ministry. The December presidential election was won by Ion Iliescu, PSD leader.
Romania also began accession negotiations with the EU in 2000, which the parties expect will lead to membership from 2007. At the NATO Summit in Prague in November 2002, Romania was invited to begin accession negotiations. It is expected to lead to NATO accession from May 2004.
In January 2001, authorities in the city of Lepezi, 330 km northeast of Bucharest, went door-to-door and confiscated 3 tonnes of fish caught in the local river and contaminated with cyanide. After the contamination occurred, 72 people – including 50 children – were hospitalized with stomach and kidney problems. The average income in Romania is only US $ 100 per person. In the area where pollution occurred, poverty is high and unemployment is around 20%.
In the same month, nearly a quarter of a million buildings and state properties that had been nationalized under communism were included in a list of properties that Parliament decided to return. However, many buildings such as hospitals and schools were excluded. The properties were to be given back to their original owners. The Hungarian minority estimated at 1,690,000 in 1992 is predominantly Catholic and Calvinist. It suffered significant sacrifices under the secularisation initiatives of the changing communist governments, and therefore welcomed Parliament’s decision because it opens up the demand for many churches to be restored. The Romanian Orthodox Church, under communism, had supported state politics in the area of religion.
The forced marriage of a gypsy king’s 14-year-old daughter was canceled after four days by the government under pressure from the EU. In October 2003, it sparked debate about the boundaries of respect for ethnic traditions and respect for human rights.
On the 18-19. In October 2003, a referendum on constitutional reform was adopted to align the country’s constitution with the EU requirements for the inclusion of Romania in presumably 2007. The vote was only just known legally, as only 54.46% of the 18 million. Voters voted. It is estimated that 20% of the population in the poor eastern and northern part of the country has traveled to seek better living conditions in the EU.