Tanzania has one of the lowest GDP per capita in the world and more than one in five Tanzanians live in poverty (under US $ 2 per day). Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of TZA and acronym for Tanzania. Only half of the population has access to clean water. Every twenty children die during their first year of life.
The healthcare sector is mainly run by the state, and the goal has been healthcare for everyone, but financial problems have made this impossible. Of the total state expenditure in 2009, about 5 percent went to health care. There are 10 hospital beds per 10,000 residents (2006) and one doctor per 100,000 (2008). At only half of the deliveries are qualified personnel available. AIDS is a very big problem, especially in the northwestern parts of Tanzania. However, the number of infected persons has decreased during the 00s; approximately 6 percent of the population aged 15–49 are estimated to be affected (2009). The self-governing Zanzibar has significantly fewer numbers of infected. After HIV/AIDS, lung diseases, malaria, diarrhea and tuberculosis are the most common causes of death.
The country’s constitution prohibits discrimination against women, but other legislation has not yet been adapted. In addition, the judiciary takes into account traditional laws as well as sharia, which affects women’s right to inheritance. Violence against women is very common and violence within the marriage is not prohibited. On the other hand, it is rape, but it does not prevent sexual abuse from being common. Since 1998, it has been formally prohibited to perform genital mutilation (female circumcision) on girls under the age of 18, but the practice is still common. Girls start primary school to the same extent as boys. The proportion of female MPs amounts to 31 percent.