In terms of GDP per capita, Togo is one of the world’s poorest countries and just over 2/3 of the population lives on less than 2 US dollars per day. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of TGO and acronym for Togo. Only about half of the residents have access to clean water. Just over every twenty children die during their first year of life.
In Togo, the insurance and pension system includes: disability insurance, occupational injury insurance and support for families with children. Healthcare is a state responsibility. There are nine hospital beds per 10,000 residents (2005) and one doctor per 20,000 (2008). Qualified personnel are available for just under two of three deliveries. In 2009, 8% of total government expenditure was allocated to the health sector. The proportion of people aged 15-49 affected by HIV/AIDS tripled in the 1990s, but has subsequently declined somewhat and now amounts to just over 3%. Severe diseases such as dysentery and other diarrheal diseases, malaria, lung diseases and tuberculosis are other common causes of death.
Women are discriminated against in a number of ways. For example, a woman has no legal right to inherit either his father or his husband. In the countryside, it is more common for a man to displace his wife than for the couple to undergo a regular divorce. The woman then loses all her assets and the custody of any children. Violence against women is common, especially in marriage. Although genital mutilation (female genital mutilation) has been banned since 1998, it is common practice in some of the country’s ethnic groups. In primary school, the proportion of girls is basically as high as the proportion of boys, but in secondary school the boys are in the clear majority. Of the country’s MPs, 11% are women.