Health care was significantly expanded during the 1980s, and in 1990 6.6 percent of the state budget’s expenditure on health care was spent. In Tonga, in 1993 there were 1 doctor per 2,139 residents. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of TON and acronym for Tonga. The social protection network exists within the family, and only 1 percent of the state budget was allocated in 1990 for social spending.
Traditionally, there are three social classes in Tonga: the royal, the nobility and the others. Society has clearly feudal traits. All land belongs to the Crown, which distributes it among the nobility in the form of grants. At a local level, a village is governed by a noble chief along with a village bailiff. The nobility should distribute the land so that every male Tongan over the age of 16 has access to 3.3 ha of land or land in a village or town. But the high birth rates have meant that the land is no longer sufficient for this more than 120-year-old distribution system. Many are now without soil. Unemployment and underemployment are growing. The state is propagating for family planning.