Trinidad and Tobago are traditionally slightly richer than neighboring countries, but there are major problems with widespread poverty. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of TTO and acronym for Trinidad and Tobago. However, unemployment has fallen and was estimated to be just over 6 percent in 2010. Compared to its neighboring countries, Trinidad and Tobago have well-developed health care, which is free of charge and mainly organized by the state. Health care costs per inhabitant are higher than in many European countries, although medical density is low and hospital capacity is limited. The health situation has improved since the 1970s, and the number of deaths in malaria, tuberculosis and typhoid has dropped significantly. The social security system also includes: old-age pension, disability, sickness and occupational injury insurance.
Trinidad and Tobago were 17-19. April 2009 hosted the 5th Summit of the Americas, and in November it hosted the Commonwealth Heads of Government.
In April 2010, Manning printed elections for May, 2 years ahead of time. The country continues to suffer from a great deal of crime. The annual number of homicides increased from 93 in 1999 to 509 in 2009. The sharp increase is mainly attributed to the increasing drug traffic across the country. In February 2010, it acquired 6 new high-speed motor torpedo boats to drive drug traffic off the coast of the country. The election provided a landslide to the Peoples Partnership Coalition, which received 59.8% of the vote. The ruling party PNM had to settle for 39.5%. New Prime Minister therefore became PPC’s Kamla Persad-Bissessar. She became the country’s first female prime minister. The PPC was formed shortly before the election for the sole purpose of overthrowing Patrick Manning from the post of prime minister.
Domestic violence was slightly reduced. In 2012, “only” 377 homicides occurred against 509 in 2009.
The country’s solid oil foundation caused the OECD in November 2011 to remove it from its list of developing countries. Oil and gas account for 80% of exports, 40% of GDP, but only 5% of employment. The country is therefore vulnerable to the fluctuations in the world market in energy prices. Already in 2007, gas production became more important than oil production.
In February 2013, Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar announced that the ruling party nominated Anthony Carmona to succeed Maxwell Richards in the post of the country’s president. The following month, Carmona was posted to the post. He is a judge and in 2011-12 had been a judge of the ICC.
In the September 2015 election, the ruling United National Congress lost its majority in parliament as it lost 4 seats and had to settle for 17.