Trinidad and Tobago is a country located in the Caribbean. It has an area of 5,128 square kilometers and a population of approximately 1.3 million people. The ethnic composition of Trinidad and Tobago is largely African (37%), with minorities such as East Indian (35%), mixed (15%) and Chinese/European/Syrian (13%) making up the remaining 63%. The majority of the population are adherents to Christianity, with around 68% following Protestantism, 28% following Roman Catholicism and 4% practicing other religions. Education is compulsory for children up to the age of 16 and the literacy rate is estimated to be around 98%. The official language is English but there are also many other languages spoken throughout the country such as French, Spanish, Hindi and various tribal languages. The capital city Port-of-Spain has an estimated population of over 60,000 people making it one of the largest cities in Trinidad and Tobago. Check hyperrestaurant to learn more about Trinidad and Tobago in 2009.
Trinidad and Tobago are traditionally slightly richer than neighboring countries, but there are major problems with widespread poverty. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of TTO and acronym for Trinidad and Tobago. However, unemployment has fallen and was estimated to be just over 6 percent in 2010. Compared to its neighboring countries, Trinidad and Tobago have well-developed health care, which is free of charge and mainly organized by the state. Health care costs per inhabitant are higher than in many European countries, although medical density is low and hospital capacity is limited. The health situation has improved since the 1970s, and the number of deaths in malaria, tuberculosis and typhoid has dropped significantly. The social security system also includes: old-age pension, disability, sickness and occupational injury insurance.
Trinidad and Tobago were 17-19. April 2009 hosted the 5th Summit of the Americas, and in November it hosted the Commonwealth Heads of Government.
In April 2010, Manning printed elections for May, 2 years ahead of time. The country continues to suffer from a great deal of crime. The annual number of homicides increased from 93 in 1999 to 509 in 2009. The sharp increase is mainly attributed to the increasing drug traffic across the country. In February 2010, it acquired 6 new high-speed motor torpedo boats to drive drug traffic off the coast of the country. The election provided a landslide to the Peoples Partnership Coalition, which received 59.8% of the vote. The ruling party PNM had to settle for 39.5%. New Prime Minister therefore became PPC’s Kamla Persad-Bissessar. She became the country’s first female prime minister. The PPC was formed shortly before the election for the sole purpose of overthrowing Patrick Manning from the post of prime minister.
Domestic violence was slightly reduced. In 2012, “only” 377 homicides occurred against 509 in 2009. Check to see Trinidad and Tobago population.
The country’s solid oil foundation caused the OECD in November 2011 to remove it from its list of developing countries. Oil and gas account for 80% of exports, 40% of GDP, but only 5% of employment. The country is therefore vulnerable to the fluctuations in the world market in energy prices. Already in 2007, gas production became more important than oil production.
In February 2013, Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar announced that the ruling party nominated Anthony Carmona to succeed Maxwell Richards in the post of the country’s president. The following month, Carmona was posted to the post. He is a judge and in 2011-12 had been a judge of the ICC.
In the September 2015 election, the ruling United National Congress lost its majority in parliament as it lost 4 seats and had to settle for 17.
POPULATION AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
At a 1998 estimate, the population of the small Caribbean island state was 1. 283. 000 residents, About 49. 000 more than the last census (1990). The average annual increase is very low (in fact it is around 8 ‰) and in any case lower than the natural balance, which, despite a considerable gap between birth and death rates (respectively 16.3 and 6, 9 ‰ in 1996), is still largely compensated by emigration. From the ethnic point of view, two large groups are distinguished, the Blacks of African origin (40% of the total) and Indians originating from Asia (41 %), between whom there has always been a strong rivalry.
The country’s economy, largely based on the extractive sector (oil and natural gas), has gone through a period of crisis since the 1980s (with an annual decrease in the GDP growth rate of around 1 %), which occurred in conjunction with the fall in oil prices on international markets. However, in the middle of the following decade, thanks to the government policy that gave impetus to a certain productive diversification, increasing manufacturing activities destined for export and stimulating the growth of the tourism industry, the first successes began to be registered: GDP. grew by 3, 6 % in 1994, by 2, 4 in1995 and 3, 1 in 1996, foreign exchange reserves reached their highest level in the last ten years and unemployment has fallen. Furthermore, important investments have been made from abroad, particularly in the hydrocarbon sector.
In addition to oil (6. 521. 000 t in 1995) and natural gas (6071 million m ³ in 1995), another of the underground resource is the asphalt (28. 000 t in 1994), taken from the great deposit natural of Pitch Lake. Overall, the mining and refining sector in 1997 took part in the formation of GDP for 12.6 %.
The agriculture, inherited from the colonial past, has experienced a slow and inexorable decline (the main crop, that of cane sugar, has provided in 1997 a production of sugar equal to 810. 000 q), they have assumed importance as food crops intended for internal consumption (rice, citrus fruits, tomatoes, corn).