Uganda has one of the lowest GDP per capita in the world and close to 2/3 of the population lives in poverty (below US $ 2 per day). Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of UGA and acronym for Uganda. Equal share of Ugandans have access to clean water. More than every fifteen children die during their first year of life. Of the infants, 14 percent are low-weight and of the infants 16 percent (2006). Maternal mortality is estimated at 430 per 100,000 descendants (2008).
Access to care is poor, especially in rural areas. There are four hospital beds (2009) and one doctor (2005) per 10,000 residents. Qualified personnel are available for fewer than half of the births. Of the state expenditure in 2009, 12 percent was spent on health care. There are a number of organizations dedicated to maternal/child health care and family planning as well as care for HIV positive and AIDS sufferers. Uganda is one of the countries most affected by HIV/AIDS, but also the first African country to successfully fight the epidemic. In the early 1990s, almost 11 percent of the population aged 15-49 were infected, a figure that just over 10 years later fell to 6.5%. Since then, the proportion of infected adults has only changed marginally. Other common causes of death are malaria, lung and diarrhea and tuberculosis.
In several areas, Uganda is a more equal country than neighboring countries. For example, girls are allowed to go to school to the same extent as boys. Of the country’s MPs, 32 percent are women, one of the highest figures in Africa.
The largest trade union central organization National Organization of Trade Unions (NOTU) was formed in 1973. The main interest has been devoted to labor market issues; inter alia For example, there have been strong protests against Uganda’s participation in the World Bank and International Monetary Fund’s structural adjustment program, which has resulted in the dismissal of thousands of public employees. With foreign support, NOTU conducts a comprehensive training campaign for union leaders.
Kampala, Uganda’s capital and largest city; 1.5 million residents (2014). The town is close to the northern shore of Lake Victoria at 1200 m altitude. The city is the country’s traffic hub with international airport in Entebbe, railway connection to Kenya and train ferry to Tanzania over Port Bell. The city center houses a mix of older Indian commercial houses, modern high-rise buildings and traditional markets. There are separate industrial and residential areas around the city core; some with villas and well-kept gardens surrounded by high security walls and inhabited by wealthy Ugandans and foreigners. Occasionally lie more humble neighborhoods with clay and brick houses with tin roofs; there are few real slums.
Kampala grew up around the hill Mengo, which in the 1800’s. served as the royal seat of the Bugan kingdom, and Old Kampala Hill, which the British used as the seat of colonization. On nearby ridges, the Roman Catholic and Anglican Church as well as a mosque with associated schools and hospitals were built. Kampala was one of Africa’s most developed metropolitan cities in the 1960’s, and by Uganda’s independence in 1962 it became the capital. Following recurring destruction during 15 years of turmoil and civil war, the city has been undergoing rapid reconstruction since the late 1980’s. It is now the economic and political center of the country. the renowned Makerere University (grdl. 1922) and Kasubi Tombs built in 1882 as the palace of Buganda’s kabaka (king).