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Social conditions

Like most of the former Soviet republics, Kyrgyzstan has long been seen as relatively far ahead in the social field, with a well-developed health and social care system. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of KYR and acronym for Kyrgyzstan. However, that everything is not, or has been, the right to be evidenced by medical indicators, which in many cases give the impression of foreign conditions. There were 20 doctors per 10,000 residents in 2012. Unemployment and underemployment have long been hidden in the agricultural industries, which functioned as an employment buffer.

Society of Kyrgyzstan

Old-age pensions are paid at the age of 60 for men and at 55 for women, and the sickness benefit has so far fully covered the loss of income. The necessity of economic reform means that many subsidies on goods and services are now disappearing. In 1994, state price controls were removed. The image of a well-developed affinity across ethnic borders has proved to be poorly matched with reality. In connection with the political liberation, for example, ethnic conflicts between Kyrgyz and the Uzbek flare up in the city of Osh. The emigration of non-Kyrgyz has been significant.

Kyrgyzstan - Bishkek


Bishkek, 1926–90 Frunze, capital of Kyrgyzstan; 1 million residents (2019). Bishkek is located in Tjudalen near the border with Kazakhstan.

Business includes manufacturing of agricultural machinery, textiles and shoes, and food. The city has universities (founded in 1951) and several colleges.

Bishkek was founded in 1825 as the Pishpek fortress (a name the city came to retain until 1926) in connection with the Khanate of Kokand's conquest of the area. Russian troops occupied the site in 1862, which has since been a major military fortification.


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