Niger is one of the world's poorest countries with high
unemployment and underemployment. Visit AbbreviationFinder to see the definitions of NER and acronym for Niger. Similarly, the lack of
clean water and functioning sewage systems, especially in
rural areas, where only 40% of the population has access to
clean water is a major problem. About 75% of the population
lives in poverty (under US $ 2 per day).
Health care is poorly developed with hospitals only in
the larger cities; there are three hospital beds per 10,000
residents (2005). The rural population has very limited
access to public health care. Physician density is among the
lowest in the world, 1 per 50,000 residents (2008).
Qualified personnel are available at only every three
births. Vaccination programs have reduced mortality in
epidemic diseases, but various infectious and parasitic
diseases (lung diseases, malaria, measles, gastric diseases,
whooping cough) are serious health problems and are among
the most common causes of death. About 1% of the population
aged 15-49 is estimated to be affected by HIV/AIDS (2009).
In 2009, 14% of the state budget was allocated to health
Women are discriminated against in a number of ways.
Abuse of women is common, but is rarely reported. Slavery is
formally prohibited, but many Nigerians, especially women,
still live in slave-like conditions. Genital mutilation
(female genital mutilation) occurs among certain ethnic
groups, but the practice is prohibited and appears to be
diminishing in scope. Only about one in five women are
literate, but in primary school the proportion of girls is
now only slightly lower than the proportion of boys. More
than 1/3 of the women are professionals. Of the country's
MPs, 13% are women.